Hielscher – Tecnología de Ultrasonidos

El uso de ultrasonidos para la mejora de zumos & batidos

Investigadores de la Universidad Técnica de Berlín encontró que ultrasonidos es un método de tratamiento muy eficaz para mejorar los jugos de frutas y verduras, así como batidos. Al ser una técnica de proceso de alimentos no térmica, ultrasonido proporciona un tratamiento suave pero eficaz, que intensifica los sabores, y se estabiliza y conserva jugos y purés. Los resultados de los tratamientos de jugo de ultrasonidos incluyen la mejora de sabores, estabilización y conservación.
La aplicación de ultrasonidos en los procesos de producción de alimentos es un campo de creciente interés para los fabricantes de alimentos. En contraste con ultrasonido de baja intensidad (intensidades < 1 W/cm²), which can be used for non-destructive testing and imaging, power ultrasound (intensities > 5 W/cm²) causes material alteration and can be used for the improvement of versatile processes in the food industry. Ultrasonic waves are compression waves that mechanically interact with the product under sonication. Cyclic compressions and rarefactions can influence cell structure. At high pressure amplitudes power ultrasound causes cavitation, the growth and implosion of gas bubbles, which is accompanied by pressure and temperature peaks and homogenizes and stabilizes disperse systems. Hielscher Ultrasonics and researchers from the Department of Food Biotechnology and Food Process Engineering from the Technical University of Berlin investigated of the positive effects of ultrasound to improve quality, stability and taste of smoothies; blended and chilled beverages made of fruit and vegetable juices and purees.
Although there is no legal right limiting the ingredients of smoothies to pure fruit and vegetable products, producers intend to place them on the market as healthy and valuable products. Consequently, it is intended to produce them without the addition of stabilizers, flavor enhancers or colorants. However, the juices and purees often have high contents of pulp. Thus, they tend to phase separation resulting in a less appealing look of the product. For this reason, most of the smoothies currently available contain banana as a main ingredient, which is reducing the phase separation due to an increase in viscosity.
Ultrasound can be applied in order to disrupt the pulp particles and to affect the particle size distribution. A smaller particle size results in lower settling velocity leading to a reduction of sedimentation and improved storage stability. Furthermore, this disintegration of particles can lead to an increased release of flavor components, color pigments and cell constituents such as sugar or volatile aroma compounds into the juice. The result is an improvement in color intensity, sweetness and aroma impression. Additionally, reduced particle size influences the mouth feeling, leading to a smoother overall impression.
In order to assure a certain shelf life of smoothies, the mixtures have to be pasteurized. However, heat treatments always have an impact on product quality, color and the impression of freshness. Consequently, the reduction of processing temperatures is one of the main focuses in the food industry. Ultrasound has a synergistic effect on the inactivation of microorganisms and enzymes when it is applied in combination with temperature, called thermosonication, or elevated pressure, called manosonication. Positive results are furthermore known for the combination of all three parameters under the term of manothermosonication. It is assumed that cells treated by ultrasound become more susceptible to other stress factors such as pressure and heat. Additionally, ultrsasonic waves can disrupt boundary layers and induce mixing resulting in improved heat transfer. Therefore, another focus of the research project is the reduction of pasteurization temperatures by development of an ultrasound assisted preservation process. The improvement of product quality and the reduction of energy costs while maintaining or extending product safety and shelf life are envisaged.
Los efectos completos de ultrasonido, lo que podría permitir la mejora simultánea de las características de sedimentación, el sabor, la apariencia, sensación en la boca y microbiológica, así como la estabilidad enzimática de batidos como productos de alto valor, podrían representar una importante ventaja para la industria alimentaria y la comercialización de fruta fresca y bebidas vegetales en el futuro. Además, el porcentaje de plátano o otros ingredientes de alta viscosidad puede reducirse, cuando la estabilidad del producto se mejora por tratamiento ultrasónico y permitir la creación de nuevas variedades de batido.
Contacto en la Universidad Técnica de Berlín:
K. Schoessler
katharina.schoessler (arroba) tu-berlin.de
Teléfono: +49 (0) 30 3147 1847

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reactores de células de flujo ultrasónico permiten la sonicación en línea continua y la calidad de ese modo alta procesamiento debido a distribuye uniformemente la energía de ultrasonidos.

Procesamiento en línea por ultrasonidos