I-Hielscher Ultrasound Technology

Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction – Indlela Engajwayelekile

  • Ukususwa kwe-vanilla yisisombululo se-flavour esikhwameni esivela ku-vanilla pods esisombululo se-ethanol namanzi.
  • Ukuze ukhiqize i-vanillin ephezulu njengephunga elimnandi, i-flavour kanye nephunga elimnandi, inqubo ephumelelayo, kodwa nesikhumba esincane imelwe ukuvimbela ukubola.
  • Isizinda se-ultrasonic yindlela encane yokwenza izimboni, okunikeza isivuno esikhulu se-vanillin esikhathini esincane kakhulu sokukhipha.

Ultrasonics High-Performance for High-Quality Vanillin Extracts

Njengoba i-spice yesibili ebiza kakhulu emva kwe-safari, ukukhiqizwa kwe-vanilla kudinga indlela ephumelelayo yokukhipha, okuvimbela ukuchithwa kwamafutha abalulekile. Isizinda se-Ultrasonic siyaziwa futhi sakhiwa njengendlela elula, engezona ezishisayo, kodwa ephumelelayo kakhulu yokukhulula izidakamizwa eziphilayo ezivela emthini wesitshalo. Isizinda se-ultrasonic sisekelwe esimweni se-cavitation ye-acoustic, okuyinto yokwelashwa okuyiyo kuphela. Lokhu kwenza i-sonication indlela ekhethwayo yokuhlukaniswa kwamakhemikhali e-bioactive avela njengama-flavour amakhemikhali namafutha abalulekile, isib. Vanillin, polyphenols, noma ama-antioxidants avela ku-botanicals.

Izinzuzo ze-Ultrasonic Extraction Extraction

  • Ukuvunwa okuphezulu
  • Isisindo se-high speed – ngaphakathi kwamaminithi
  • Izitshalo eziphezulu zekhwalithi – Emnene-non-ezishisayo
  • Izixazululo ezihlaza (isib. Amanzi / ethanol)
  • kuqiza kahle
  • Ukusebenza okulula futhi okuphephile
  • Ukutshalwa kwezimali okuphansi kanye nezindleko zokusebenza
  • Ukusebenza kwe-24/7 ngaphansi kwesisindo esinzima
  • Indlela eluhlaza, eco-friendly

Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction – ku-Batch noma Continuous Flow Mode

U-UP400St uvuselele ukusetha kwe-8L kokukhiphaIsigaba: Izinqubo ze-ultrasonic yesikhumba zingasebenza njengezinqubo ezilula ze-batch noma njengokwelapha okunezinhlawulo, lapho isikhulumi senziwa khona njalo ngokudlulela nge-ultrasonic flow-through reactor.
Ukucubungula ama-batch kuyinkambinkimbi elula, lapho isizinda senziwa khona ngenkatho. I-Hielscher Ultrasonics inikeza amaprosesa e-ultrasonic amatshangi amancane kuya kwamakhulu, oku-1L kuya ku-120L.
Ukucubungula ama-batches we-5 kuya ku-10L, sincoma UP400St (400W, pic ngakwesobunxele) nge-sonotrode S24d22L2D.
Ukucubungula ama-batches we-approx. 120L, sincoma I-UIP2000hdT (2kW, pic. Ikholomu kwesokudla phezulu) nge-sonotrode RS4d40L4.

I-2kW isethaphu sonication setup for isizinda of extracts izitshalo

I-120L Ultrasonic Batch Extraction ye-Botanicals nge I-UIP2000hdT ne-Agitator

Isicelo solwazi




Qaphela kwethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


I-Flow-through: Ukuze kube nemikhakha emikhudlwana kanye nesisindo esikhulu sokuhweba okugcwele, ukusakazwa kwamanzi okuqhubekayo kudliwa nge-reactor ye-ultrasonic, lapho i-slurry e-solvent / botanical i-sonicated kakhulu.
Ngomsindo we-approx. 8L / iminithi, sincoma I-UIP4000hdT (4kW, pic. Ngakwesokudla) nge-sonotrode RS4d40L3 kanye ne-flow1 cell-cell FC130L4-3G0

Ucwaningo lwe-Case of Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction

Jadhav et al. (2009) uma kuqhathaniswa isizinda se-ultrasonically-assisted (UAE) no-Soxhlet. Ucwaningo luqinisekisile ukuthi isizinda se-ultrasonic siqinisa ukukhululwa kwe-vanillin ngokuphawulekayo uma kuqhathaniswa nesisetshenziswa sikaSoxhlet. Ukwelashwa kweSoxhlet kudinga ukushisa okusebenzayo kwama-95 ° C, i-solvent: isilinganiso se-solute esingu-66.67ml / g kanye nesikhathi sokukhipha amahora angu-8 kuholele ekukhululweni. 180ppm vanillin. Isizinda esisiziwe nge-ultrasound (UAE) sidinga ukuhora oku-1 kuphela ukukhulula u-approx. 140ppm vanillin usebenzisa i-solvent efanayo: isilinganiso se-solute ekamelweni lokushisa.
Rasoamandrary et al. (2013) uma kuqhathaniswa ukusebenza kahle kwe-vanillin extraction usebenzisa i-ultrasicator ye-100W yocwaningo (isib UP100H), i-bathson ultrasonic, nokugeza okushisayo kwamanzi. Abacwaningi baphetha ngokuthi i-probe-hlobo i-ultrasonicator iyithuluzi elinamandla lokufakelwa ngenxa ye-high intensity ultrasonic. Ngakho-ke, i-probe-type ultrasonicator yashiya izindlela ezihlukile zokufakelwa ngokunikeza isivuno esifanayo / esiphezulu se-vanillin esithathwe isikhathi esincane kakhulu sokukhipha kanye nokusetshenziswa okuncane (okungukuthi i-ethanol).
Ukuqhathaniswa kwezindlela ezintathu zokufakelwa – probe ultrasonic, ukugeza ultrasonic, amanzi ashisayo ukugeza isizinda – wabonisa ukuthi ukuchithwa kwe-vanillin kwakungcono kakhulu kwe-probe-sonication besebenzisa i-ethanol engu-40% (v / v) ekushiseni okungama-30 ° C kanye nesikhathi sokukhipha amahora angu-1. Amanzi okugeza amanzi adinga ukuhlushwa kwe-ethanol (v / v) ka-50% ngo-56 ° C ngamahora angu-15.

UIP4000hdT 4kW iprosesa enamandla ye-ultrasonic yesikhumba

I-UIP4000hdT – 4kW ultrasonic udokotela wezokwelapha eziqhubekayo.

Izinsiza ze-Ultrasonic ze-High Performance Extraction

I-Hielscher Ultrasonics ikhethekile ekukhiqizeni amaphrosesa aphezulu asebenzayo e-ultrasonic ekukhiqizeni izithelo eziphezulu ezivela ku-botanicals.
Iphothifoliyo yomkhiqizo omkhulu kaHielscher isukela kuma-lab ultrasonicators amancane, anamandla ama-lab ultrasonicators amakhulu kuze kube ne-bench-top esebenzayo kanye nezinhlelo ezigcwele zezimboni, eziletha ukuphakama okukhulu kwe-ultrasound ukuze kusetshenziswe kahle futhi kuhlukaniswe izinto eziphilayo (isib. quercetin, i-caffeine, i-curcumin, Terpenes njll). Wonke amadivayisi we-ultrasonic avela 200W kuya 16,000W kufaka isibonisi ezinemibala yokulawula idijithali, ikhadi elihlanganisiwe le-SD lokuqopha okuzenzakalelayo kwedatha, ukulawula okukude kwesiphequluli kanye nezinye izici eziningi zomsebenzisi. I-sonotrodes namaseli okugeleza (izingxenye, ezithintana nephakathi) zingenziwa nge-autoclaved futhi kulula ukuzihlanza. Wonke ama-ultrasonicators ethu akhiwe ngomsebenzi we-24/7, adinga ukugcinwa okuphansi futhi kulula futhi ephephile ukusebenza.
Colored touch display of the new hdT series of Hielscher's industrial ultrasonicatorsUkubonisa umbala wedijithali kuvumela ukulawulwa komsebenzisi-friendly we-ultrasonicator. Amasistimu ethu akwazi ukuletha kusuka phansi kuya kuma-amplitudes aphakeme kakhulu. Ukukhishwa kwe-polyphenols nezinye izakhi eziphilayo ezifana ne-vanillin, sinikeza nge-sonotrode ekhethekile ye-ultrasonic (eyaziwa ngokuthi i-ultrasonic probes noma izimpondo) ezilungiselelwe ukuhlukaniswa okunengqondo kwezinto eziphezulu ezisebenzayo. Ukuqina kwemishini ye-ultrasonic ye-Hielscher kuvumela ukusebenza komsebenzi we-24/7 emsebenzini obuthakathaka nasezindaweni ezinzima.
Ukulawulwa okuqondile kwemigomo yezinqubo ze-ultrasonic kuqinisekisa ukukhiqizwa kabusha nokucubungula ukulinganisa.
Ithebula elingezansi linikeza isibonakaliso somthamo wokucubungula we-ultrasonicators wethu:

Iqoqwana Ivolumu flow Rate Amadivayisi ezinconyiwe
1 kuya ku-500mL 10 kuya ku-200mL / min UP100H
10 kuya ku-2000mL 20 kuya ku-400mL / min UP200Ht, UP400St
0.1 kuya ku-20L 0.2 kuya ku-4L / min I-UIP2000hdT
10 kuya ku-100L 2 kuya ku-10L / iminithi I-UIP4000hdT
na 10 kuya ku-100L / iminithi UIP16000
na sikhulu yinhlanganisela UIP16000

Xhumana nathi! / Cela Us!

Cela ulwazi oluthe xaxa

Sicela usebenzise ifomu elingezansi, uma ufisa ukucela ulwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana ne-homogenization yama-ultrasonic. Sizojabula ukukunikeza uhlelo lwe-ultrasonic ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zakho.









Sicela uqaphele wethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


I-Hielscher Ultrasonics ikhiqiza ama-ultrasonicators aphezulu ekusebenzeni kwezicelo ze-sonochemical.

Amaprosesa aphezulu aphezulu e-ultrasonic kusukela ebhuthini kuya ku-pilot nesilinganiso sezimboni.

Izincwadi / Izinkomba

  • UJadhav D. et al. (2009): Ukukhipha i-vanillin emanzini ama-vanilla: Ucwaningo lokuqhathaniswa kwe-soxhlet evamile kanye ne-ultrasound eyisiza. Journal of Food Engineering 93, 2009: 421-426.
  • I-rasoamandrary N. et al. (2013): Isisombululo esithuthukisiwe se-Vanillin 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde kusuka kubhontshisi abavuthiwe abasebenzisa i-Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction: Ukuqhathaniswa kwe-Ultrasound-Assisted and Hot Water Bath Extraction.


Amaqiniso Okufanele Ukwazi

I-Principle yokusebenza ye-Ultrasonic Extraction

Ukusetshenziswa kwamagagasi amakhulu e-ultrasound kuya emithonjeni yamanzi ephuma ku-cavitation. Isimo se-cavitation siholela endaweni ephakeme kakhulu ekushiseni okushisa, izingcindezi, izinga lokushisa / ukupholisa, ukuhluka kwezingcindezi kanye nemikhakha ephakeme ye-shear emaphakathi. Lapho ama-bubbles cavitation efakaza phezu kwamanzi amaningi (njengezinhlayiya, ama-cell plant, ama-tissue njll), ama-micro-jets kanye nokushayisana kwe-interparticlular kubangela imiphumela efana nokucubungula ubuso, ukuguguleka kwamanzi kanye nokuphazamiseka kwezinhlayiyana. Ukwengeza, implosion ye-bubble cavitation emithonjeni yamanzi idala ama-macro-turbulences kanye nokuxuba okuncane.

Ama-bubbles e-cavitation angahlukaniswa ngamabhulebhu azinzile nezikhathi ezithile. (Chofoza ukuze ukhulise!)

Umdwebo 1: Ukudalwa kwamabhulebhu azinzile nezikhathi ezincane.
(a) ukufuduka, (b) ukufaka isikhala esiphezulu, (c) ukuguquka okuqinile, (d) ukucindezelwa
[ishintshwe kusuka ku-Santos et al. 2009]

Ukuchithwa kwe-Ultrasonic yezinto ezitshalayo zitshalo kuhlukanisa i-matrix yamaseli ezitshalo futhi kuthuthukisa i-hydration efanayo. I-Chemat et al (2015) iphetha ngokuthi isizinda se-ultrasonic samakhemikhali e-bioactive avela ku-botanicals siwumphumela wezici ezihlukene ezizimele noma ezihlangene ezihlanganisa ukuhlukaniswa, ukuguguleka kwamandla, ukukhwabanisa, ukuthunyelwa kwe-detexturation nokudumisa. Lezi zinkinga ziphazamisa udonga lwamaseli, zithuthukisa ukudluliswa kwamandla ngokususa i-solvent esitokisini nokuncelisa i-phyto-compound elayishiwe, futhi uqinisekise ukunyakaza kwamanzi ngokuxuba okuncane.

Iziphazamisi ze-Ultrasonic zisetshenziselwa ukuchithwa okuvela emithonjeni ye-phyto (isb. Izitshalo, i-algae, isikhunta)

Isizinda se-Ultrasonic esivela kumaseli esitshalo: isigaba esincane esithintekayo (TS) sibonisa indlela yokwenza phakathi kwesikhumba se ultrasonic kusuka kumangqamuzana (ukukhulisa 2000x) [isisetshenziswa: Vilkhu et al. 2011]

Isizinda se-ultrasonic siphumelela ukuhlukaniswa okusheshayo kakhulu kwamakhemikhali - ukuphelelwa yisikhathi kwezindlela ezivamile zokukhipha esikhathini sokucubungula isikhathi esifushane, isivuno esiphezulu, futhi emazingeni okushisa aphansi. Njengendlela yokwelashwa okunomsoco, i-ultrasound-eyisizinda esisizwa igweme ukuchithwa okushisayo kwezinsimbi eziphilayo kanye nokuqhathaniswa uma kuqhathaniswa namanye amasu afana nesakhiwo esiyingqayizivele se-solvent, i-hydrodistillation, noma I-Soxhlet isizinda, esaziwa ukubhubhisa ama-molecule ane-heat sensitive. Ngenxa yalezi zinzuzo, isizinda se-ultrasonic yindlela yokukhetha yokukhululwa kwama-bioactive okushisa okushisa okuvela kubhodini.

UVanillin

I-vanilla iyinambitheka eliyigugu, elingasuswa kuma-orchid we-genus i-Vanilla, ngokuyinhloko ezivela ezinhlobonhlobo zaseMexico, i-vanilla ephahlazekile (V. planifolia). Amakhemikhali ahlukene kakhulu e-orchid vanilla atholakala ezithelweni zawo, okuphumela ekuvundeni kwembali. Lezi zinhlanzi zembewu zingama-1/3 x 6 amasentimitha, zibomvu ezimnyama zibe nombala omnyama uma sezivuthiwe. Ngaphakathi kwalezi pods yikomidi elinamafutha eligcwele imbewu encane. Kokubili i-pod kanye nembewu isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwe-vanillin.
Nakuba i-vanillin yi-flavour oyinhloko ehlanganiswa nesitshalo se-vanilla, i-vanilla ehlanzekile ekhishwe iqukethe ama-compounds angamakhulu amaningana ama-flavour, abangela ukunambitheka kwayo okunzima, okujulile.
I-vanilla essence yenzeka ngezindlela ezimbili, okungukuthi i-vanillin yangempela ye-vanilla ephuma ku-vanilla seedpod kanye ne-vanillin eyenziwe nge-industrially. I-seedpod yangempela iyathathwa ingxube eyinkimbinkimbi yamakhemikhali angamakhulu amaningana ahlukene. I-vanillin yama-chemical compound – 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde – yiyona eyinhloko enkulu ekwenzeni ukunambitheka kanye nephunga elimnandi le-vanilla yangempela futhi yiyona ingxenye enkulu ye-flavor yezinyosi ze-vanilla eziphulukisiwe. Ngaphandle kwe-vanillin, kwangathi amanye amakhemikhali e-acetaldehyde, i-acetic acid, i-furfural, i-hexanoic acid, i-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, i-eugenol, i-methyl cinnamate, kanye ne-asidi ye-isobutyric yenza i-aroma eyinkimbinkimbi enzima.

I-Vanilla Cultivars

I-Bourbon vanilla noma i-Bourbon-Madagascar i-vanilla ikhiqizwa kusuka ku-V. planifolia izitshalo, ezikhula eziqhingini zase-Indian ezifana neMadagascar, iComoros neRéunion, okuthiwa yi-Île Bourbon. Isikhathi “I-vanilla ye-Bourbon” ichaza futhi iphunga elihlukile le-vanilla elivela ku-V. planifolia.
I-vanilla yaseMexico, etholakala ku-V. planifolia, iyakhiwa ngobuningi kakhulu. I-vanilla yaseMexico iyatiwa futhi idayiswa njenge-vanilla evela ezweni elivela kulo, njengoba isitshalo se-V. planifolia sizalwa eMesoamerica.
I-vanilla yesiTahiti ivela eFrench Polynesia, ikhiqizwa isitshalo se-V. tahitiensis. Ukuhlaziywa kwezakhi zofuzo kubonisa ukuthi lezi zinhlobo kungenzeka ukuthi ziyi-cultivar ezivela kwi-hybrid ye-V. planifolia ne-V. odorata.
I-vanilla yaseNtshonalanga yamaNdiya yenziwa ku-V. pompona, ekhulile eCaribbean naseCentral naseNingizimu Melika.