I-Hielscher Ultrasound Technology

Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction – Indlela Engajwayelekile

  • Ukukhishwa kwe-Vanilla yisisombululo se-flavour ekhishwe emigodini ye-vanilla kusisombululo se-ethanol namanzi.
  • Ukuze ukhiqize i-vanillin ephezulu njengephunga elimnandi, i-flavour kanye nephunga elimnandi, inqubo ephumelelayo, kodwa nesikhumba esincane imelwe ukuvimbela ukubola.
  • Isizinda se-ultrasonic yindlela encane yokwenza izimboni, okunikeza isivuno esikhulu se-vanillin esikhathini esincane kakhulu sokukhipha.

 

Ultrasonics High-Performance for High-Quality Vanillin Extracts

Njengoba i-spice yesibili ebiza kakhulu emva kwe-safari, ukukhiqizwa kwe-vanilla kudinga indlela ephumelelayo yokukhipha, okuvimbela ukuchithwa kwamafutha abalulekile. Isizinda se-Ultrasonic siyaziwa futhi sakhiwa njengendlela elula, engezona ezishisayo, kodwa ephumelelayo kakhulu yokukhulula izidakamizwa eziphilayo ezivela emthini wesitshalo. Isizinda se-ultrasonic sisekelwe esimweni se-cavitation ye-acoustic, okuyinto yokwelashwa okuyiyo kuphela. Lokhu kwenza i-sonication indlela ekhethwayo yokuhlukaniswa kwamakhemikhali e-bioactive avela njengama-flavour amakhemikhali namafutha abalulekile, isib. Vanillin, polyphenols, noma ama-antioxidants avela ku-botanicals.

Izinzuzo ze-Ultrasonic Extraction Extraction

  • Ukuvunwa okuphezulu
  • Isisindo se-high speed – ngaphakathi kwamaminithi
  • Izitshalo eziphezulu zekhwalithi – Emnene-non-ezishisayo
  • Izixazululo ezihlaza (isib. Amanzi / ethanol)
  • kuqiza kahle
  • Ukusebenza okulula futhi okuphephile
  • Ukutshalwa kwezimali okuphansi kanye nezindleko zokusebenza
  • Ukusebenza kwe-24/7 ngaphansi kwesisindo esinzima
  • Indlela eluhlaza, eco-friendly

Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction – ku-Batch noma Continuous Flow Mode

U-UP400St uvuselele ukusetha kwe-8L kokukhiphaIsigaba: Izinqubo ze-ultrasonic yesikhumba zingasebenza njengezinqubo ezilula ze-batch noma njengokwelapha okunezinhlawulo, lapho isikhulumi senziwa khona njalo ngokudlulela nge-ultrasonic flow-through reactor.
Ukucubungula ama-batch kuyinkambinkimbi elula, lapho isizinda senziwa khona ngenkatho. I-Hielscher Ultrasonics inikeza amaprosesa e-ultrasonic amatshangi amancane kuya kwamakhulu, oku-1L kuya ku-120L.
Ukucubungula ama-batches we-5 kuya ku-10L, sincoma UP400St (400W, pic ngakwesobunxele) nge-sonotrode S24d22L2D.
Ukucubungula ama-batches we-approx. 120L, sincoma I-UIP2000hdT (2kW, pic. Ikholomu kwesokudla phezulu) nge-sonotrode RS4d40L4.

I-2kW isethaphu sonication setup for isizinda of extracts izitshalo

I-120L Ultrasonic Batch Extraction ye-Botanicals nge I-UIP2000hdT ne-Agitator

Isicelo solwazi




Qaphela kwethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


I-Flow-through: Ukuze kube nemikhakha emikhudlwana kanye nesisindo esikhulu sokuhweba okugcwele, ukusakazwa kwamanzi okuqhubekayo kudliwa nge-reactor ye-ultrasonic, lapho i-slurry e-solvent / botanical i-sonicated kakhulu.
Ngomsindo we-approx. 8L / iminithi, sincoma I-UIP4000hdT (4kW, pic. Ngakwesokudla) nge-sonotrode RS4d40L3 kanye ne-flow1 cell-cell FC130L4-3G0

Ucwaningo lwe-Case of Ultrasonic Vanilla Extraction

Jadhav et al. (2009) uma kuqhathaniswa isizinda se-ultrasonically-assisted (UAE) no-Soxhlet. Ucwaningo luqinisekisile ukuthi isizinda se-ultrasonic siqinisa ukukhululwa kwe-vanillin ngokuphawulekayo uma kuqhathaniswa nesisetshenziswa sikaSoxhlet. Ukwelashwa kweSoxhlet kudinga ukushisa okusebenzayo kwama-95 ° C, i-solvent: isilinganiso se-solute esingu-66.67ml / g kanye nesikhathi sokukhipha amahora angu-8 kuholele ekukhululweni. 180ppm vanillin. Isizinda esisiziwe nge-ultrasound (UAE) sidinga ukuhora oku-1 kuphela ukukhulula u-approx. 140ppm vanillin usebenzisa i-solvent efanayo: isilinganiso se-solute ekamelweni lokushisa.
Rasoamandrary et al. (2013) uma kuqhathaniswa ukusebenza kahle kwe-vanillin extraction usebenzisa i-ultrasicator ye-100W yocwaningo (isib UP100H), i-bathson ultrasonic, nokugeza okushisayo kwamanzi. Abacwaningi baphetha ngokuthi i-probe-hlobo i-ultrasonicator iyithuluzi elinamandla lokufakelwa ngenxa ye-high intensity ultrasonic. Ngakho-ke, i-probe-type ultrasonicator yashiya izindlela ezihlukile zokufakelwa ngokunikeza isivuno esifanayo / esiphezulu se-vanillin esithathwe isikhathi esincane kakhulu sokukhipha kanye nokusetshenziswa okuncane (okungukuthi i-ethanol).
Ukuqhathaniswa kwezindlela ezintathu zokufakelwa – probe ultrasonic, ukugeza ultrasonic, amanzi ashisayo ukugeza isizinda – wabonisa ukuthi ukuchithwa kwe-vanillin kwakungcono kakhulu kwe-probe-sonication besebenzisa i-ethanol engu-40% (v / v) ekushiseni okungama-30 ° C kanye nesikhathi sokukhipha amahora angu-1. Amanzi okugeza amanzi adinga ukuhlushwa kwe-ethanol (v / v) ka-50% ngo-56 ° C ngamahora angu-15.

UIP4000hdT 4kW iprosesa enamandla ye-ultrasonic yesikhumba

I-UIP4000hdT – 4kW ultrasonic udokotela wezokwelapha eziqhubekayo.

Izinsiza ze-Ultrasonic ze-High Performance Extraction

I-Hielscher Ultrasonics ikhethekile ekukhiqizeni amaphrosesa aphezulu asebenzayo e-ultrasonic ekukhiqizeni izithelo eziphezulu ezivela ku-botanicals.
Iphothifoliyo yomkhiqizo omkhulu kaHielscher isukela kuma-lab ultrasonicators amancane, anamandla ama-lab ultrasonicators amakhulu kuze kube ne-bench-top esebenzayo kanye nezinhlelo ezigcwele zezimboni, eziletha ukuphakama okukhulu kwe-ultrasound ukuze kusetshenziswe kahle futhi kuhlukaniswe izinto eziphilayo (isib. quercetin, i-caffeine, i-curcumin, Terpenes njll). Wonke amadivayisi we-ultrasonic avela 200W kuya 16,000W kufaka isibonisi ezinemibala yokulawula idijithali, ikhadi elihlanganisiwe le-SD lokuqopha okuzenzakalelayo kwedatha, ukulawula okukude kwesiphequluli kanye nezinye izici eziningi zomsebenzisi. I-sonotrodes namaseli okugeleza (izingxenye, ezithintana nephakathi) zingenziwa nge-autoclaved futhi kulula ukuzihlanza. Wonke ama-ultrasonicators ethu akhiwe ngomsebenzi we-24/7, adinga ukugcinwa okuphansi futhi kulula futhi ephephile ukusebenza.
Ukuboniswa kombala we-colored we-hdT uchungechunge lwe-ultrasonicators yezimboni ze-HielscherUkubonisa umbala wedijithali kuvumela ukulawulwa komsebenzisi-friendly we-ultrasonicator. Amasistimu ethu akwazi ukuletha kusuka phansi kuya kuma-amplitudes aphakeme kakhulu. Ukukhishwa kwe-polyphenols nezinye izakhi eziphilayo ezifana ne-vanillin, sinikeza nge-sonotrode ekhethekile ye-ultrasonic (eyaziwa ngokuthi i-ultrasonic probes noma izimpondo) ezilungiselelwe ukuhlukaniswa okunengqondo kwezinto eziphezulu ezisebenzayo. Ukuqina kwemishini ye-ultrasonic ye-Hielscher kuvumela ukusebenza komsebenzi we-24/7 emsebenzini obuthakathaka nasezindaweni ezinzima.
Ukulawulwa okuqondile kwemigomo yezinqubo ze-ultrasonic kuqinisekisa ukukhiqizwa kabusha nokucubungula ukulinganisa.
Ithebula elingezansi linikeza isibonakaliso somthamo wokucubungula we-ultrasonicators wethu:

Iqoqwana Ivolumu flow Rate Amadivayisi ezinconyiwe
1 kuya ku-500mL 10 kuya ku-200mL / min UP100H
10 kuya ku-2000mL 20 kuya ku-400mL / min UP200Ht, UP400St
0.1 kuya ku-20L 0.2 kuya ku-4L / min I-UIP2000hdT
10 kuya ku-100L 2 kuya ku-10L / iminithi I-UIP4000hdT
na 10 kuya ku-100L / iminithi UIP16000
na sikhulu yinhlanganisela UIP16000

Xhumana nathi! / Cela Us!

Cela ulwazi oluthe xaxa

Sicela usebenzise ifomu elingezansi, uma ufisa ukucela ulwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana ne-homogenization yama-ultrasonic. Sizojabula ukukunikeza uhlelo lwe-ultrasonic ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zakho.









Sicela uqaphele wethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


I-Hielscher Ultrasonics ikhiqiza ama-ultrasonicators aphezulu ekusebenzeni kwezicelo ze-sonochemical.

Amaprosesa aphezulu aphezulu e-ultrasonic kusukela ebhuthini kuya ku-pilot nesilinganiso sezimboni.

Izincwadi / Izinkomba

  • UJadhav D. et al. (2009): Ukukhipha i-vanillin emanzini ama-vanilla: Ucwaningo lokuqhathaniswa kwe-soxhlet evamile kanye ne-ultrasound eyisiza. Journal of Food Engineering 93, 2009: 421-426.
  • I-rasoamandrary N. et al. (2013): Isisombululo esithuthukisiwe se-Vanillin 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde kusuka kubhontshisi abavuthiwe abasebenzisa i-Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction: Ukuqhathaniswa kwe-Ultrasound-Assisted and Hot Water Bath Extraction.


Amaqiniso Okufanele Ukwazi

I-Principle yokusebenza ye-Ultrasonic Extraction

Ukusetshenziswa kwamagagasi amakhulu e-ultrasound kuya emithonjeni yamanzi ephuma ku-cavitation. Isimo se-cavitation siholela endaweni ephakeme kakhulu ekushiseni okushisa, izingcindezi, izinga lokushisa / ukupholisa, ukuhluka kwezingcindezi kanye nemikhakha ephakeme ye-shear emaphakathi. Lapho ama-bubbles cavitation efakaza phezu kwamanzi amaningi (njengezinhlayiya, ama-cell plant, ama-tissue njll), ama-micro-jets kanye nokushayisana kwe-interparticlular kubangela imiphumela efana nokucubungula ubuso, ukuguguleka kwamanzi kanye nokuphazamiseka kwezinhlayiyana. Ukwengeza, implosion ye-bubble cavitation emithonjeni yamanzi idala ama-macro-turbulences kanye nokuxuba okuncane.

Ama-bubbles e-cavitation angahlukaniswa ngamabhulebhu azinzile nezikhathi ezithile. (Chofoza ukuze ukhulise!)

Umdwebo 1: Ukudalwa kwamabhulebhu azinzile nezikhathi ezincane.
(a) ukufuduka, (b) ukufaka isikhala esiphezulu, (c) ukuguquka okuqinile, (d) ukucindezelwa
[ishintshwe kusuka ku-Santos et al. 2009]

Ukuchithwa kwe-Ultrasonic yezinto ezitshalayo zitshalo kuhlukanisa i-matrix yamaseli ezitshalo futhi kuthuthukisa i-hydration efanayo. I-Chemat et al (2015) iphetha ngokuthi isizinda se-ultrasonic samakhemikhali e-bioactive avela ku-botanicals siwumphumela wezici ezihlukene ezizimele noma ezihlangene ezihlanganisa ukuhlukaniswa, ukuguguleka kwamandla, ukukhwabanisa, ukuthunyelwa kwe-detexturation nokudumisa. Lezi zinkinga ziphazamisa udonga lwamaseli, zithuthukisa ukudluliswa kwamandla ngokususa i-solvent esitokisini nokuncelisa i-phyto-compound elayishiwe, futhi uqinisekise ukunyakaza kwamanzi ngokuxuba okuncane.

Iziphazamisi ze-Ultrasonic zisetshenziselwa ukuchithwa okuvela emithonjeni ye-phyto (isb. Izitshalo, i-algae, isikhunta)

Isizinda se-Ultrasonic esivela kumaseli esitshalo: isigaba esincane esithintekayo (TS) sibonisa indlela yokwenza phakathi kwesikhumba se ultrasonic kusuka kumangqamuzana (ukukhulisa 2000x) [isisetshenziswa: Vilkhu et al. 2011]

Isizinda se-ultrasonic siphumelela ukuhlukaniswa okusheshayo kakhulu kwamakhemikhali - ukuphelelwa yisikhathi kwezindlela ezivamile zokukhipha esikhathini sokucubungula isikhathi esifushane, isivuno esiphezulu, futhi emazingeni okushisa aphansi. Njengendlela yokwelashwa okunomsoco, i-ultrasound-eyisizinda esisizwa igweme ukuchithwa okushisayo kwezinsimbi eziphilayo kanye nokuqhathaniswa uma kuqhathaniswa namanye amasu afana nesakhiwo esiyingqayizivele se-solvent, i-hydrodistillation, noma I-Soxhlet isizinda, esaziwa ukubhubhisa ama-molecule ane-heat sensitive. Ngenxa yalezi zinzuzo, isizinda se-ultrasonic yindlela yokukhetha yokukhululwa kwama-bioactive okushisa okushisa okuvela kubhodini.

UVanillin

Vanilla is a valued flavour, which can be extracted from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia). The uniquely flavored compounds of the vanilla orchid are found in its fruit, which results from the pollination of the flower. These seed pods are roughly a 1/3 x 6 inches, with a brownish red to black color when ripe. Inside of these pods is an oily liquid full of tiny seeds. Both the pod and the seeds are used for the production of vanillin.
Nakuba i-vanillin yi-flavour oyinhloko ehlanganiswa nesitshalo se-vanilla, i-vanilla ehlanzekile ekhishwe iqukethe ama-compounds angamakhulu amaningana ama-flavour, abangela ukunambitheka kwayo okunzima, okujulile.
I-vanilla essence yenzeka ngezindlela ezimbili, okungukuthi i-vanillin yangempela ye-vanilla ephuma ku-vanilla seedpod kanye ne-vanillin eyenziwe nge-industrially. I-seedpod yangempela iyathathwa ingxube eyinkimbinkimbi yamakhemikhali angamakhulu amaningana ahlukene. I-vanillin yama-chemical compound – 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde – yiyona eyinhloko enkulu ekwenzeni ukunambitheka kanye nephunga elimnandi le-vanilla yangempela futhi yiyona ingxenye enkulu ye-flavor yezinyosi ze-vanilla eziphulukisiwe. Ngaphandle kwe-vanillin, kwangathi amanye amakhemikhali e-acetaldehyde, i-acetic acid, i-furfural, i-hexanoic acid, i-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, i-eugenol, i-methyl cinnamate, kanye ne-asidi ye-isobutyric yenza i-aroma eyinkimbinkimbi enzima.

I-Vanilla Cultivars

I-Bourbon vanilla noma i-Bourbon-Madagascar i-vanilla ikhiqizwa kusuka ku-V. planifolia izitshalo, ezikhula eziqhingini zase-Indian ezifana neMadagascar, iComoros neRéunion, okuthiwa yi-Île Bourbon. Isikhathi “I-vanilla ye-Bourbon” ichaza futhi iphunga elihlukile le-vanilla elivela ku-V. planifolia.
I-vanilla yaseMexico, etholakala ku-V. planifolia, iyakhiwa ngobuningi kakhulu. I-vanilla yaseMexico iyatiwa futhi idayiswa njenge-vanilla evela ezweni elivela kulo, njengoba isitshalo se-V. planifolia sizalwa eMesoamerica.
I-vanilla yesiTahiti ivela eFrench Polynesia, ikhiqizwa isitshalo se-V. tahitiensis. Ukuhlaziywa kwezakhi zofuzo kubonisa ukuthi lezi zinhlobo kungenzeka ukuthi ziyi-cultivar ezivela kwi-hybrid ye-V. planifolia ne-V. odorata.
I-vanilla yaseNtshonalanga yamaNdiya yenziwa ku-V. pompona, ekhulile eCaribbean naseCentral naseNingizimu Melika.