I-Hielscher Ultrasound Technology

I-Ultrasonic Hydrodistillation yama-Essential Oil

  • Ukukhipha okuvamile kwamafutha abalulekile kuyabiza futhi kudla isikhathi.
  • Isizinda se-ultrasonic sinikeza isivuno esiphezulu kanye nekhwalithi ephakeme yokukhipha.
  • Ultrasonic ingenziwa njengendlela solvent- noma amanzi-based isizinda indlela. Ngaphandle kwalokho, i-sonication ingahlanganiswa nezinhlelo zendabuko yesikhumba ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukusebenza kahle kanye nekhwalithi.

 

I-Hydrodistillation ye-Extraan Botts

I-Hydrodistillation iyinhlobonhlobo yesiphuzo seziphuzo. Ngokwesikhumba se-hydrodistillation, isitshalo sitshalo sikhathele isikhathi esithile emanzini emva kwalokho ingxube evuthayo kanye nezinto ezivuthayo ziyasuswa emotweni, ehlanjululwe futhi ehlukaniswe. Kuyindlela ejwayelekile yokufakelwa ukuhlukanisa izidakamizwa ze-phytochemical ezakhiweni zamasitshalo. I-steam distillation yindlela ejwayelekile yokuhlukanisa amafutha abalulekile, isb for the perfumery.
Njengoba izinhlanganisela eziningi eziphilayo zivame ukubola emazingeni okushisa aphezulu, imboni iqhubekela phambili ekusebenziseni ezinye izindlela zokucubungula kahle, okunikeza imiphumela engcono kakhulu yesikhumba (izinga eliphezulu, isivuno esiphezulu).

Ukukhishwa kwe-ultrasonic yamaHops

Izinkinga zezindlela zendabuko yesikhumba ezifana ne-distillation ye-steam zisezinhlakeni eziningi zezitshalo, okudingeka zikhishwe amafutha abalulekile ngokuhweba. I-1kg (2 1/4 lb) yamafutha abalulekile ama-lavender af. I-200kg (440lb) yezimbali ezinomsoco omusha ezidingekayo, ngoba i-1kg yamafutha asemkhatsini aphakathi kuka 2.5 no-5 amathani amathani ama-rose petals adingekayo kanye ne-1kg yamafutha abalulekile i-lemon ahlanganisa cishe. Ama-3,000 amakhemikhali. Ngakho-ke amafutha abalulekile ayabiza kakhulu. Ngokuba rose rose inani cishe 20,000 € (21,000US $) ilitha ngalinye.
Ukuze bathole izinzuzo ngokuphathelene nokuzuza kanye nokuncintisana, abakhiqizi bamafutha abalulekile kumele basebenzise izindlela ezisebenzayo eziphumelelayo futhi eziphumelelayo. Amasu afanelekayo wesitshalo se ultrasonic exels izindlela zendabuko izizinda ngokusebenzisa izimo ezimbalwa izizinda, isivuno high kanye quality ikhwalithi ikhishwe. I-Sonication ingenziwa njenge-solvent-based noma i-solvent-free extraction. Ngaphandle kwalokho, isizinda se-ultrasonic singahlanganiswa nezinhlelo ezijwayelekile zokufakelwa, isb Isizinda soSoxhlet, Isizinda se-Clevenger, i-CO ephezulu2, I-Ohmic hydrodistillation njll (Sono-Soxhlet, Sono-Clevenger, i-Sono-scCO2, i-ultrasonic hydromistillation yama-Ohmic).

Ukukhishwa kwe-ultrasonic kwamafutha abalulekile

Isizinda se-ultrasonic siye safakazelwa ukuthi sinikeze isivuno esiphezulu sesithamo kanye nokwehlisa ukusetshenziswa kwamandla. Isimiso sokusebenza se-ultrasonic isizinda yi-bubble implosion ekhiqizwa i-cavitation ye-ultrasonic. I-bubble implosion ikhiqiza i-micro-jets ezibhubhisa izigulane ze-lipid emathisini esitshalo sesitshalo. Ngaleyo ndlela, ukudluliswa okukhulu phakathi kweseli ne-solvent kuyathuthukiswa futhi kukhishwa amafutha abalulekile. Inzuzo enkulu yama-ultrasonic yanamuhla e-ultrasonic ukulawula okuqondile phezu kwemingcele yokusebenza (isib. Ukuqina kwe-ultrasonic, izinga lokushisa, isikhathi sokwelapha, ukucindezelwa, isikhathi sokugcina njll). Ukuvunwa okwedlulele kwamafutha abalulekile kanye nokubola okuphansi okushisa, ikhwalithi eliphakeme kanye nokuvutha okuhle kusungulwe ngokwesayensi (Porto et al. 2009; u-Asfaw no-2005). Nakuba ezinye izindlela zokwakheka zanamuhla zinikeza amandla okulinganiselwe okulinganiselwe ekukhiqizeni izimboni, i-potency yokukhipha isizinda se-ultrasonic kuya ezingeni lezimboni sesivele sibonakalisiwe. Isibonelo, ukukhiqizwa kwamathuluzi okubaluleka kwama-citrus aseJapane kwanda ngo-44% uma kuqhathaniswa nezindlela zendabuko yesikhumba (Mason et al. 2011).

I-ultrasonic Pretreatment for the Extraction of Amafutha Essential

Ukuze uthole i-ultrasonic isizinda samafutha abalulekile avela ku-plant material (isib. I-lavandin, i-sage, i-citrus njll), uhlelo lwe-sonication lwe-sonication olufana ne-UIP2000hdT lungasetshenziselwa ukukhishwa ebhentshini-phezulu, umshayeli wokulinganisa kanye nokulinganisa ukukhiqiza. Uhlelo lokufakelwa lungasethwa njenge-batch noma isistimu ye-inline.
Ngokuba i-ultrasonic batch isizinda, isitsha esinamanzi ashisayo okugeza okuncintisayo kunconywa. Ukugeza kwamanzi kuvumela ukugwema ukushisa okungafuneki ukukhuphuka kanye nokulimala okubangelwa. Ukuze uthole i-lavandin ebalulekile yamaminerali, i-lavender izimbali zikhishwa nge-eg 2L wamanzi acwecwekile isikhathi se-extraction samaminithi angu-30. I-amplitude ye-ultrasonic isethwe kuma-60%. Ngemuva kokuqothulwa kwe-ultrasonic, i-lavender flower isusiwe, futhi i-distillation evamile yokuqhuma isiphuzo iyenziwa ukuze kukhishwe amafutha abalulekile.
Ukusetha ukufakwa kwe-inline, iprosesa ye-ultrasonic ifakwe ne-sonotrode nokugeleza kweseli. Ukuze injongo yokupholisa, i-reactor cell cell ishicilelwe ijazi lokupholisa. Ngaphambi kokunakekelwa kwe-ultrasonic, i-macerated plant material iqhutshelwa ngaphakathi ekamelweni lokuphendula lapho lidlula khona ngqo ngokusebenzisa indawo yokucwaninga. Inzuzo eqhubekayo yesikhumba se-ultrasonic inline yindlela yokucindezela ekamelweni lokuphendula ukwandisa umphumela wokukhipha.
I-ultrasonic pre-treatment ngaphambi kokuba i-hydrodistillation ikhulise isivuno samafutha abalulekile futhi ithuthukise izinga lokukhipha – okwenza kube nenqubo esebenza kahle kakhulu.

Inqubo ye-batch ye-Ultrasonic yokwelashwa kwangaphambi kwe-hydrodistillation njengokukhishwa kwamakhambi

hydrodistillation ye-ultrasonic

Isicelo solwazi




Qaphela kwethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


Isistimu ye-Ultrasonic ye-batch extraction (Chofoza ukuze ukhulise!)

Isethaphu ye-ultrasonic eyenziwe ngokwezifiso for isizinda

Izinzuzo ze-Ultrasonic Extraction

  • Okusheshayo & isizinda esisebenzayo
  • Inqubo engavamile, elula
  • Izitshalo eziphezulu zekhwalithi
  • isivuno high
  • I-aroma egcwele i-spectrum
  • Okungaphansi kokubalulekile
  • Ukukhipha Okuhlaza

Amafutha abalulekile angathathwa ngokuphumelelayo nge-sonication! www.hielscher.com

Ukukhiqizwa kwe-Ultrasonic ye-Nanoemulsions

Intshisekelo ekusetshenzisweni kwama-nanoemulsions njengezinhlelo zokulethwa kwezidakamizwa ze-lipophilic zokudla, njenge-carrier yezinhlanganisela ezisebenzayo ezithinta imithi nezimonyo zikhula kakhulu ngenxa yokucaca kwazo okuphezulu, ukuqina okuhle ngokomzimba, kanye nokwazi ukwandisa ukutholakala kwemvelo. I-Ultrasonic emulsification ulungisa ama-micro- nano-emulsions aqinisekile okuqinisekisa imiphumela emihle emkhiqizo wokugcina.
Chofoza lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi mayelana ne-ultrasonic emulsification!

Imiphumela ye-Ultrasonic

I ultrasonic izizinda imiphumela basuselwa isimiso cavitation ultrasonic. I-cavitation ephuzweni idala amandla amakhulu e-shear, ukusakaza kwamanzi kanye nama-microturbulences, okuyimiphumela emihle kuphela.

Isicelo solwazi




Qaphela kwethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


Sono-Clevenger for the extra of amafutha abalulekile. Isithombe kusuka ku-Pingret et al., 2014.

I-Clevenger nge UP200Ht
Isithombe: Pingret et al., 2014.

Ultrasonic Obumba Systems

Amasistimu we-Hielscher amandla ultrasound atholakalayo ebhentshini eliphezulu, izitshalo zokushayela nezitshalo zezimboni. Amaphrosesa ethu e-ultrasonic alawulwa ngokuqondile futhi angathumela ama-amplitudes aphakeme kakhulu (kufika ku-200μm kuma-ultrasonicators ezimboni, ama-amplitudes aphezulu ngokucela) ukudala insimu enkulu ye-acoustic. Wonke amadivayisi wethu we-ultrasonic – kusuka ebhodini kuya kumasistimu yezimboni – zakhiwe ngomsebenzi we-24/7 ngaphansi kwezimo ezinzima zomsebenzi.
Izidakamizwa ze-ultrasonic ze-Hielscher zingahlolwa ku-bench-top scale ukuze kuvivinywe ukuhlolwa nokusebenza kahle kwenqubo. Ngemuva kwalokho, yonke imiphumela yokucubungula ingahle ibekwe ngokulinganayo ekukhiqizeni okugcwele kwezimboni. Okuhlangenwe nakho kwethu okude ekusetshenzisweni kwe-ultrasonic kusenza sikwazi ukubonisana nokusiza amaklayenti ethu ekuhlolweni kokuqala nasekusebenzeni kokusebenza kahle ekusebenziseni umsebenzi osebenza kahle kakhulu wezimboni. Vakashela isikhungo sethu se-technic kanye nenqubo yokucubungula ukuhlola amakhono ama-ultrasonic systems we-Hielscher!
Izinhlelo zethu ezinamandla ze-ultrasonic zingasetshenziselwa i-batch ne-sonication inline. Ukubuyiswa kwemigqa yokukhiqiza ekhona kungenziwa kalula, futhi.

Xhumana nathi! / Cela Us!

Cela ulwazi oluthe xaxa

Sicela usebenzise ifomu elingezansi, uma ufisa ukucela ulwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana ne-homogenization yama-ultrasonic. Sizojabula ukukunikeza uhlelo lwe-ultrasonic ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zakho.









Sicela uqaphele wethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


Izincwadi / Izinkomba



Amaqiniso Okufanele Ukwazi

Iphumelele ngempumelelo yi-Ultrasonics

Lezi zicubu ezitshalayo zezitshalo nezitshalo zifakazela ukuthi isizinda se-ultrasonic sithola imiphumela yesikhulumi esithuthukisiwe. Isizinda se-ultrasonic sinikeza izithelo eziphakeme, izitshalo eziphezulu zekhwalithi kanye nephrofayili egcwele / iphunga elimnandi kanye ne-flavor full spectrum.
Amakhambi & amaqabunga: i-spearmint, i-mint, stevia, i-cannabis, i-hops, i-basil, i-thyme, i-pepper, i-oregano, i-sage, i-fennel, i-parsley, i-eucalyptus, i- umnqumo, itiye elihlaza, itiye elimnyama, boldo, ugwayi, i-peppermint, i-marjoram, njll.
Izimbali (izimpawu): Rose, lavender, ylang-ylang, jasmine, patchouli, tuberose, mimosa, njll.
Izithelo: i-orange, i-citrus, i-lemon, okusajingijolo, utamatisi, i-apula, i-bribheri, i-bilberries, i-mandarin, i- amagilebhisi, umnqumo, jujube, njll
Izinongo: i-safari, coriander, I-Ginger, i-laurel, i-nutmeg, i-sinamoni, i-turmeric, i-vanilla, i-clove, i-nutmeg, i-mace njll.
Izinkuni & ibhaka: i-agarwood, i-oki, i-sandalwood, ihlathi lomsedari, i-pin, i-sinam amagxolo, njll.

Ama-extracts e-botanical aqukethe i-spectrum ephelele yamahlanganisi asebenzayo nama-phytochemicals ukuze amafutha abalulekile aqukethe i-lipids, i-terpenes ne-terpenoids, i-phenols, i-alkaloids, i-flavonoids, ama-carbonylic, ama-antioxidants, amavithamini, ama-pigment, ama-enzyme, njll.
Izibonelo zama-molecule aqoshiwe: i-monoterpenes ne-monoterpeneoids, i-sesquiterpenes, i-limonene, i-caron, i-pinene, i-limonene, i-1,8-cineole, i-cis-ocimene, i-trans-ocimene, i-3-octanone, i-beta-carotene, i-a-pinene, i-camphor, i-camphene , i-β-pinene, i-myrcene, i-para-cymene, i-limonene, i- γ-terpinene, i-linalool, i-myrtenol, i-myrtenal, i-carvone.
Amafutha abalulekile abonisa imiphumela ephikisana ne-antioxidant kanye ne-antimicrobial, okwenza kube ngaphandle kwephunga elimnandi ne-flavour isithako esiwusizo sokudla nemikhiqizo yezokwelapha, futhi.
Amafutha abalulekile, isb. Kusuka ku-lavender, peppermint, kanye ne-eucalyptus, ikakhulukazi akhiqizwa yi-distillation ye-steam. Izinto ezimila ezimila ezifana nezimbali, amaqabunga, izinkuni, amagxolo, izimpande, izimbewu, izinhlamvu kanye nama-peels zikhishwa ngamanzi okuphuza amanzi ngenkathi ziqukethe futhi ziphekwe ngamanzi kudivayisi yezidakamizwa.

i-hydrodistillation

Ukuze uthole ama-hydrodistillation, amafomu amabili ahlukaniswa: iziphuzo zazihluzwa ngamanzi kanye neziphuzo zazihluzwa ngamanzi.
Ukuze kuhlukaniswe amafutha abalulekile ngamanzi okucwiliswa kwezidakamizwa, izinto zokutshala zifakwa emanzini okuphekwa. Ukuze i-distillation ye-steam, i-steam ifakwe ngaphakathi / ngokusebenzisa izinto zokutshala. Ngenxa yethonya lamanzi ashisayo kanye ne-steam, amafutha abalulekile akhululwa ezigulini ze-lipid ezitsheni zezitshalo. I-steam yamanzi ekhuphukayo ithwala amafutha avela kulesi sitshalo. Ngemuva kwalokho, umthamo uhanjiswe emgodini wokuphefumula ngokupholisa ngokuqondile ngamanzi. Kusukela ku-condenser, ukukhishwa kwe-distilled (i-oyela ebalulekile) kugeleza ku-separator, lapho amafutha ehlukanisa khona ngokuzenzakalelayo emanzini amancane.

i-solvent isizinda

Ngenxa yokusebenza kahle, amafutha abalulekile kakhulu, isb for the perfume kanye nempepho yamakha, akhiqizwa nge-solvent extraction, esebenzisa izixazululo ezinamandla, isib. Hexane, di-methylene-chloride, noma i-petroleum ether. Izinzuzo eziyinhloko zesisombululo se-solvent phezu kwe-distillation yukuthi ukushisa okufanayo (cishe 50 ° C) kungagcinwa ngesikhathi senqubo. Njengoba izinga lokushisa eliphakeme liholela ekudambisweni kwamakhemikhali amafutha abalulekile, amafutha aphuma e-solvent abhekene nokuphelela okwedlulele kwamakhemikhali abo ahlukahlukeneyo kanye nephunga elingokwemvelo.
I-CO eqoshiwe2 kutholakala ukuthi i-solvent engcono kakhulu, futhi futhi yindlela engcono yokukhipha amafutha anamakha avela ku-botanicals.

Izixazululo zokususa

Amakhemikhali ejwayelekile okwakhiwa yilezi zihlanganisa i-benzene, i-toluene, i-hexane, i-dimethyl ether, i-ether e-petroleum, i-di-methylene-chloride, i-ethyl acetate, i-acetone, noma i-ethanol.
I-ethanol isetshenziselwa ukukhipha amafutha ahlanzekile avela ezintweni ezomile zezitshalo, kanye namafutha angcolile noma ama-concretes aye akhiqizwa okokuqala nge-organic solvent extraction, expression or influerage. Izitshalo ze-Ethanol ezivela ezintweni ezomile ziyaziwa ngokuthi izithako. Imicucu akufanele ididaniswe ne-ethanol ishes, eyenziwa ukuhlanza amafutha kanye nama-concrete ukuze athole izimpendulo.
Uma amanzi asetshenziswa njengoketshezi lwamanzi, inqubo ibizwa ngokuthi i-solvent-free extraction.

Amafutha abalulekile

Amafutha abalulekile akhiqizwa yi-extraction kusuka kwento yokutshala. Njengempahla eluhlaza, izingxenye ezihlukahlukene zezitshalo zingasetshenziswa, isb. Izimbali (isib. Rose, jasmine, carnation, clove, mimosa, rosemary, lavander), amaqabunga (isb. Mint, Ocimum spp., I-lemongrass, jamrosa), amaqabunga neziqu (isb. i-geranium, i-patchouli, i-petitgrain, i-verbena, i-sinamoni), amagxolo (isinamoni, i-cassia, i-canella), izinkuni (isib. umsedari, isihlabathi, i-pine), izimpande (isb. angelica, sassafras, vetiver, saussurea, valerian), imbewu (isib fennel, i-coriander, i-caraway, i-dill, i-nutmeg), izithelo (i-bergamot, i-orange, i-lemon, i-juniper), ama-rhizomes (isib. i-ginger, i-calamus, i-curcuma, i-orris) namazinsini noma i-oleoresin exudations (isibonelo isibhalsamu sasePeru, i-Myroxylon balsamum, i-storax, i-myrrh, i-benzoin ).

Ukukhonjwa nokungaqondile

Ukukhonjwa yiyona nkulumo ye-mass eqinile esitholakala nge-solvent extraction of material fresh plant. Izinto ezintsha zitshalo zikhishwa ikakhulukazi ngezinhlayiya ezingenayo i-benzene, i-toluene, i-hexane, i-petroleum ether. Ngemuva kwenqubo yokukhipha, i-solvent ikhuphuka, ukuze kutholakale amafutha amancane, ama-wax, ama-resine nezinye i-lipophilic (hydrophobic) phytochemicals. Lona okuthiwa ukhonkolo.
Ukuthola ngokuphelele ekukhoneni, ukhonkolo kufanele uphathwe ngotshwala obunamandla lapho ezinye izingxenye zingase zichithwe.