I-Hielscher Ultrasound Technology

Ama-Nano-Fuels aphezulu ngokuhlakazeka kwe-Ultrasonic

  • Ukusabalalisa kwe-Ultrasonic kusetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza i-nanofuels noma i-diesohol, i-ethanol ne-diesel, okuthuthukiswa yi-CNTs noma i-nanoparticles.
  • I-ultrasonics yamandla ikhiqiza kahle kakhulu, i-nano-fuel emulsions kanye nama-dispersions.
  • Ama-nanoparticles ase-Ultrasonically ahlakazekile emafutheni athuthukisa ukusebenza kwephethiloli nokuzimela.
  • Ama-dispersers ase-Ultrasonic ase-inline atholakalayo esikalini sezimboni ekukhiqizeni ama-nano-fuels.

 

Ama-Nano-Fuels

Ama-nanofuels ahlanganisa ingxube ye-fuel base (isib. I-diesel, i-biodiesel, ama-fuel mix) nama-nano-particles. Lawo ma-nanoparticles enza njengama-nanocatalysts hybrid, anikezela indawo enkulu ebusweni. Ukusabalalisa kwe-ultrasonic ye-nano-additive imiphumela kuthuthukisa kakhulu ukusebenza kwephethiloli njengokuncishiswa kokulibaziseka kokushisa, ukulondoloza isikhathi eside somlilo nokuguqulwa komlilo kanye nokunciphisa okubalulekile kokukhipha.
I-fuel-sized fuel-particle ihlanganisa amafutha ahlanzekile ahlanzekile ngokuphathelene nokusebenza kwephethiloli ngokusebenza kwamandla aphezulu, ukusheshisa okusheshayo nokulula, ukusebenza kwe-catalytic okuthuthukisiwe, ukwehlisa ukukhishwa kwezinga, ukuswakama okusheshayo kanye nokushisa okushisayo nokusebenza kahle komlilo.

Ultrasonic Ukuhlakazeka kweNanoparticles ku-Fuel

Ukuze ugweme ukulungiswa kwama-nanoparticles ku-tank petrol, izinhlayiya kufanele zihlakazeke ngokweqile. Amaprosesa ase-Ultrasonic anama-dispersers anamandla futhi anokwethenjelwa, awaziwa ngokukwazi ukuxuba, ukuguqula futhi ngisho nokugaya ama-nanoparticles ukuze kuhlakazeke usayizi oqinekile usayizi wezinhlayiya oyifunayo.
Abahlakazeli be-ultrasonic be-Hielscher bangamathuluzi afakazelwe ukusabalalisa ama-nanotubes nezinhlayiya zibe ngamafutha.
Uhlu olungezansi lunikeza ukubuka ngokuningiliziwe mayelana nano-materials evivinywa kakade kumafutha:

    • I-CNTsngama-carbon nanotubes

I-cavitation ene-ultrasonic enamandla

  • Ag – isiliva
  • U-Alaluminium
  • U-Al2O3aluminium oxide
  • I-AlCuOxaluminium copper oxides
  • Bboron
  • Cai-calcium
  • I-CaCO3i-calcium carbonate
  • Feinsimbi
  • I-Cuithusi
  • I-CuOi-oxide yethusi
  • Lokhui-cerium
  • CeO2i-cerium oxide
  • (CeO2) · (ZrO2)cerium zirconium oxide
  • I-COi-cobalt
  • Isigi-magnesium
  • Mnmanganese
  • TiO2titanium dioxide
  • ZnOi-zinc oxide
Ukucubungula kwe-inline ngamaphrosesa angu-7kW amandla e-ultrasonic (Chofoza ukuze ukhulise!)

7kW ultrasonic flow system

Isicelo solwazi




Qaphela kwethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


Ukusakazwa kweCarbon Nanotubes eManzini kusetshenziswa i-UP400S

Ukusakazwa kweCarbon Nanotubes eManzini kusetshenziswa i-UP400S

Ngaphezu kwalokho, izithasiselo ze-nano-doped, isib. Njenge-cerium oxide ku-MWNTs, zivivinywe ngempumelelo, futhi.
I-Nano-scaled, i-ultrasonically mono-ehlakazekile i-cerium oxide inikeza umsebenzi ophezulu we-catalytic ngenxa yezinga eliphezulu eliphezulu lokuya phezulu kuya kwevolumu eliholela ekwenzeni ngcono ukusebenza kwephethiloli nokunciphisa ukukhishwa.

Ultrasonic Nanoemulsions

Ubuchwepheshe be-ultrasonic emulsification isetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza i-ethanol-in-decane ezinzile, i-ethanol-in-diesel, noma i-diesel-biodiesel-ethanol / bioethanol. Izingxube ezinjalo ziyi-fuel base enhle, okungaba isinyathelo sesibili esithuthukiswa ngokusabalalisa ama-nano-particles zibe yi-fuel.
I-ultrasonic nano-emulsification ibuye isetshenziswe ngempumelelo ukukhiqiza ama-aqua-fuel.
Chofoza lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi mayelana nama-aqua-fuels alungiselelwe ama-ultrasonic!

I-Hielscher Ultrasonics inikeza ama-homogenizers anamandla ekukhiqizeni ama-fuel emulsion (Chofoza ukuze ukhulise!)

Ukukhiqizwa kwe-ultrasonic yama-fuel emulsion

izinhlelo ze-industrial ultrasonic

Isizukulwane se-emulsions esinezinzile kanye ne-dispersions sidinga amandla we-ultrasound nama-amplitudes aphezulu. Hielscher Ultrasonics’ ama-processor ultrasonic yezimboni angaletha ama-amplitudes aphakeme kakhulu, okubalulekile ukukhiqiza ama-emulsions we-nano-size kanye nama-dispersions. Ngakho-ke, ama-ultrasonicators ethu asezimboni angakwazi ukugijima kalula ama-amplitud we-200μm ngo-24/7 ukusebenza ngaphansi kwezimo ezisindayo. Nge-amplitudes ephakeme nakakhulu, i-sonotrode e-ultrasonic eyenziwe ngezifiso iyatholakala.
I-Hielscher inikeza amaphrosesa ama-ultrasonic asebenza kahle kakhulu, anezinyathelo ezincane zokufakelwa ezitshalweni ezinomkhawulo okukhawulelwe kanye nezimo ezinzima.
Ithebula elingezansi linikeza isibonakaliso somthamo wokucubungula we-ultrasonicators wethu:

Iqoqwana Ivolumu flow Rate Amadivayisi ezinconyiwe
10 kuya ku-2000mL 20 kuya ku-400mL / min UP200Ht, UP400St
0.1 kuya ku-20L 0.2 kuya ku-4L / min I-UIP2000hdT
10 kuya ku-100L 2 kuya ku-10L / iminithi UIP4000
na 10 kuya ku-100L / iminithi UIP16000
na sikhulu yinhlanganisela UIP16000

Cela ulwazi oluthe xaxa

Sicela usebenzise ifomu elingezansi, uma ufisa ukucela ulwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana ne-homogenization yama-ultrasonic. Sizojabula ukukunikeza uhlelo lwe-ultrasonic ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zakho.









Sicela uqaphele wethu Inqubomgomo yobumfihlo.


Faka i-InsertMPC48 ngama-cannulas ama-48 amahle, afaka isigaba sesibili se-emulsion ngqo kwi-ultrasonic cavitation zone

Faka i-InsertMPC48 – Isixazululo sikaHielscher se-nano-emulsions ephakeme

Izincwadi / Izinkomba

  • D'Silva, R .; UVinoothan, K .; Binu, KG; I-Thirumaleshwara, B .; Raju, K. (2016): Imiphumela ye-Titanium Dioxide ne-Calcium Nãoadditives kwi-Performance and Emission Characteristics ye-CI Engine. Journal of Engineering Mechanical and Automation 6 (5A), 2016. 28-31.
  • I-Ghanbari, M .; I-Najafi, G .; I-Ghobadian, B .; I-Mamat, R .; I-Noor, i-MM; I-Moosavian, i-A. (2015): I-ANFIS ye-neuro-fuzzy system-inference system (ANFIS) yokubikezela imingcele ye-CI eyenziwe yi-nano-particles eyongezwayo ku-diesel fuel. IOP Conf. Uchungechunge: Isayensi Yezobunjiniyela Nobunjiniyela 100, 2015.
  • Heydari-Maleney, K .; I-Taghizadeh-Alisaraei, A .; I-Ghobadian, B .; Abbaszadeh-Mayvan, A. (2017): Ukuhlaziya nokuhlolwa kwezingxenye ze-carbon nanotubes emafutheni e-diesohol-B2 ekusebenzeni nokukhishwa kwezinjini ze-dizeli. I-Fuel 196, 2017. 110-123.
  • U-Raj, uNM; I-Gajendiran, M .; Pitchandi, K .; I-Nallusamy, N. (2016): Ukuphenya nge-aluminium oxide nano izinhlayiya ezihlanganiswa ne-diesel fuel combustion, ukusebenza nokukhishwa kwe-injini ye-diesel. I-Journal ye-Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 8 (3), 2016. 246-257.


Amaqiniso Okufanele Ukwazi

Ama-Nano-Fuels

Ama-nano-amakhemikhali abhekisela engxenyeni yamafutha kanye nama-nano-particles. Ngamaqabunga e-nano-energetic ehlakazekayo angena kuphethiloli, izakhiwo zamakhemikhali zomzimba ziguqulwa ukusebenza kwazo, isakhiwo sabo esasakazekayo, kanye nokuhlanganyela okuyinkimbinkimbi kokudlulisa ukufudumala, ukugeleza kwamanzi kanye nokusebenzisana kwezinhlayiyana. Ngenxa yokwakhiwa okungafani, izici ze-nanofuel zithathwa ngohlobo lwe-fuel base kanye nokwakheka, ubukhulu, ukuma, ukuhlushwa, nezakhiwo zomzimba namakhemikhali we-nanoparticles. Izici ze-nanofuel zingase zihluke ngokuphawulekayo ezivela emvelweni we-fuel base.

idizili

I-diesel i-fuel fuel eshiswa ngama-diesel. Ezimjini ze-diesel, uphethiloli uphethwe ngaphandle kwenhlanhla, kodwa ngokucindezela ingxube ye-inlet umoya bese ujoza i-diesel fuel.
I-diesel fuel evamile yilezi zincithakalo ezincane ze-petroleum oil fuel. Ngomqondo obanzi, igama elithi diesel libhekisela kumafutha angatholakali ku-petroleum, isib. I-biodiesel, i-biomass-to-iquid (i-BTL), i-gas-to-liquid (GTL), noma i-diesel yamalahle-kuya-liquid (CTL). I-BTL, i-GTL, ne-CTL, kuthiwa yiziqu ze-diesel zokwenziwa, ezingatholakala kunoma yiziphi izinto ezibonakalayo (isib. Biomass, biogas, igesi yemvelo, amalahle, njll). Ngemuva kokuthi i-gasification yezinto ezibonakalayo zibe yi-gas eyalandela ukuhlanzwa, iguqulwa nge-reaction ye-Fischer-Tropsch ekwenzeni idizili. I-ultra-low-sulfur dielel (i-ULSD) iyinhlangano evuthayo yamafutha edizili equkethe okuqukethwe okuphansi kakhulu kwesulfure.

Biodiesel

I-Biodiesel yiphethiloli evuselelwayo ekhishwa ngamafutha yemifino, amafutha omfuyo, noma amafutha okuvuselelwa. I-Biodiesel ingasetshenziselwa ukugijima ezimotweni zedizayeli kanye nezigayidi. Izakhiwo zalo zifana ne-petroleum diesel, nakuba ishisa ukuhlanza. I-Biodiesel inciphisa ukukhishwa kwe-hydrocarbons engashintshi (UHC), i-carbon dioxide (CO2), i-carbon monoxide (CO), i-carbon monoxide (CO), i-carbon monoxide (i-CO), i-sulfur oxides, nama-soot particles – uma kuqhathaniswa nemikhiqizo ekhishwa ngokushisa idizili ejwayelekile. Ukukhishwa kwe-nitrogen oxides (NOx) kungaba ngaphezulu kwe-biodiesel (uma kuqhathaniswa nedizili). Noma kunjalo, lokhu kungancishiswa ngokuthuthukisa isikhathi sokujola umshini.
Ukukhiqizwa kwe-Biodiesel kuthuthukiswa kakhulu yi-ultrasound transesterification. Chofoza lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi mayelana nokukhiqizwa kwe-biodiesel ye-ultrasonic!

I-Ethanol

I-ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH) esetshenziswe njengamafutha. Amakhemikhali e-ethanol asetshenziselwa kakhulu njengezimoto – ikakhulukazi njengesithako se-biofuel e-petroli. Namuhla, izimoto zingasetshenziswa ngokusebenzisa i-ethanol fuel 100% noma zisebenzisa okuthiwa i-flex-fuel, okuyi-ethanol nophethiloli. Ngokuvame ukhiqizwa inqubo yokuvutshelwa kwe-biomass isib. Ummbila noma umoba. Njengoba uphethiloli we-ethanol ususelwa ku-biomass evuselelekayo, eqhubekayo, ngokuvamile ibizwa ngokuthi i-bioethanol. I-ultrasound yamandla ingathuthukisa ukukhiqizwa kwe-bioethanol kakhulu. Chofoza lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi mayelana nokukhiqizwa kwe-bioethanol ultrasonic!
I-ethanol yi-oxygenate e-e-diesel. Ukwehluleka okukhulu kwe-E-diesel kungukungabonakali kwe-ethanol edizili ngenxa yamazinga amaningi okushisa. Kodwa-ke, i-biodiesel ingasetshenziswa ngempumelelo njenge-amphiphile yokusebenza kahle ukuze kuqiniswe i-ethanol ne-diesel. I-ethanol-biodiesel-diesel (EB-diesel) uphethiloli ungahlanganiswa ultrasonically kuya micro- noma nano-emulsion ukuze i-EB-diesel igxilile – ngisho nangaphansi kwamazinga okushisa angaphansi kwe-zero futhi unikeza izindawo eziphakeme kakhulu zamafutha kagesi ejwayelekile kagesi.