I-Hielscher Ultrasound Technology

BIOMAN – I-Ultrasound ye-Biomass Digestion

  • Amandla akhiqizwa yi-biogas ingenye yezinsiza ezibalulekile ezivuselelekayo futhi ifakwe ukunikezwa kwezinsizakalo kanye nezinto zokuchitha imfucuza ehambisana nokusetshenziswa okusebenzayo kwamazwe ahlanzekile, nokukhiqizwa okuphephile nokudla okuphephile.
  • I-BIOMAN iphrojekthi exhaswe yi-EU yokuphenywa ngamasu amaningi wezinto zokwelashwa zangaphambili kanye ne-enzymatic kanye nobuchwepheshe bezitshalo ze-biogas.
  • I-ultrasound yamandla iyindlela eqinisekisiwe yokuthuthukisa ukugaya kwe-biomass futhi ngaleyo ndlela ukwandisa isivuno se-biogas kakhulu.
I-Sonication iyi-pre-treatment eqinisekisiwe yokuthuthukisa ukugaya kwe-biomass

Ukukhiqizwa kwe-Biogas nge-reinjection loop

BIOMAN

Izinto zokuchitha imvelo ezifana nomquba kanye nezinsalela zezolimo zinikeza imithombo eningi yokukhiqiza, eYurophu nasemhlabeni wonke. Kodwa-ke, njengoba lezi zingxenye ziqukethe inani eliphakeme lamafayili (okuyi-5-80% kokuqukethwe kwendaba eyomile) nge-potentially low methane, izinzuzo zokonga ekusebenzeni kwesitshalo se-biogas ngokuvamile ziphansi kangangokuba zizuze ngokwezomnotho ngenxa ye-biogas ephansi isivuno ngasinye ngetoni. Ukuze kuthuthukiswe isivuno se-biogas, ukugujwa kwangaphambili (isib. Imishini, ezishisayo, amakhemikhali kanye neziphilayo) kuye kwaboniswa ukuthi kuyasiza (Angelidaki & I-Ahring, 2000; Uellendahl et al., 2007). Kuhlelo lwe-Bioman, umqondo wokwelashwa we-Re-Injection Loop uphenywa ngomgomo wokwandisa isivuno se-biogas ngetoni ngayinye ye-biomass yamfucuza, okudingeka kuqala ukuthi izinzuzo zokwelapha zidlule izindleko zokusebenza ukuqinisekisa ukusimama kwezomnotho.
I-BIOMAN izofuna uchungechunge lwe-SMEs ukuthuthukisa amasu angaphambi kokunakekelwa ngokomzimba kanye nobuchwepheshe bezitshalo ze-biogas. Lokhu kuzokwenza amalungu e-SME ama-consortium alethe izixazululo eziphelele emakethe futhi akwazi ukuthi umkhakha wezolimo usebenzise izitshalo ze-biogas ngokuqondile emqubeni wezinkomo kanye nobani.

I-Reinjection Loop

"I-Lo-Rejection Loop" iwukukhiqiza i-biogas ezivela ezingeni eliphezulu ze-recalcitrant ezisezingeni eliphansi elinokuqukethwe okuphezulu kwe-lignocellulose ngokuhlanganisa uhla lwezinqubo ze-mechanical ne-enzymatic, bheka Umdwebo 1. Ukunciphisa, imisindo ephezulu ne-enzymatic yizobuchwepheshe okufanele zisetshenziswe kwi-Lo-Rejection Loop futhi izosetshenziselwa ama-biomasses angaphambi kokugcoba nokudliwa ngaphambi kokuphindaphinda kwi-reactor ye-biogas kanye nokugxila okuyinhloko ukusimama komnotho jikelele (Uellendahl et al. 2013).

Ukubonga

I-BIOMAN ixhaswa yi-European Union's Seventh Framework Program ephethwe ngu REA – I-Executive Executive Agency: (FP7 / 2007-2013) ngaphansi kwesivumelwano sesibonelelo n0 FP7-SME-2012, 315664, “BIOMAN”.

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Izincwadi / Izinkomba

  • Uellendahl, H., Njoku, SI, Kragelund, C., Ottosen, L., Ruiz, B. (2013). Ukwandisa umnotho wezitshalo ezisekelwe kumanyolo we-biogas. Izinqubo ze-International Anaerobic Digestion Symposium ku-BiogasWalld 2013, ngo-Apreli 23-25, eBerlin.
  • Angelidaki, I. kanye no-Ahring, BK (2000): Izindlela zokukhulisa i-biogas engaba khona emthonjeni we-recalcitrant ophilayo oqukethe umquba. Isayensi Yezamanzi & Ubuchwepheshe, 41 (3): 189-194.
  • Uellendahl, H., Mladenovska, Z. kanye no-Ahring, BK (2007): Uketshezi olumanzi wamanzi omquba nomquba womquba: Izici ezithintekayo zithonya ukusebenza kahle kokunakekelwa kokwandisa umkhiqizo we-biogas womquba. Izinqubo ze-11 zeNhlangano Yomhlaba Yezinhlelo Zokugaya I-Anaerobic, 23-27 Septemba, 2007, eBrisbane, e-Australia.

Amaqiniso Okufanele Ukwazi

I-biogas inezinhlanganisela zegesi ezahlukahlukene ezikhiqizwa ukuwohloka kwezinto eziphilayo lapho kungekho oksijini. Izingxenye eziyinhloko ze-biogas yi-methane (CH4) kanye ne-carbon dioxide (CO2). I-biogas ingakhiwa ngezinto eziwusizo ezifana nokudoba kwezolimo, umquba, udoti kamasipala, izinto zokutshala, ukuthuthwa kwamanzi, udoti oluhlaza noma udoti wokudla. Kuyinto emithombo evuselelekayo yamandla futhi ezimweni eziningi kunezinyathelo ezincane kakhulu zekhabhoni.
Njengoba i-methane, i-hydrogen, ne-carbon monoxide (CO) ingaxoshwa noma ifakwe i-oksijeni, i-biogas isetshenziswa njengomthombo onamandla ovuselelwe. Leli gesi lisetshenziselwa ukushisa nokushisa noma liguqulwa nge-injini yegesi ibe ngogesi nokushisa.