Hielscher faka'ata tekinolosia

Ultrasonic viviku-Precipitation ʻo e Nanocubes lanu puluu

Ko e hexacyanoferrate lanu pulu pe ukamea ko ha faʻunga ukamea nano ia (MOF), ʻa ia ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi ʻi he ngaohiʻanga ʻelemeniti ko‐ion e ngaohiʻanga ʻuhila, biomedicine, inks mo e ngaahi meʻa ngaue fakaʻilekitulonika. Ultrasonic e kemikale viviku synthesis ʻoku lelei, falalaʻanga mo vave ke ngaohi ʻa e nanocubes lanu pulu ʻa Lusia mo Lusia analogues hange ko e kopa hexacyanoferrate mo e seniti ʻe nima hexacyanoferrate. Ultrasonically meʻa--ʻoku characterised ʻa e nanoparticles lanu puluu, ʻe he tufakiʻanga naunau lausiʻi, mono-fakamovetevetea mo e ngaue maʻolunga.

Faka-Lusia lanu pulu mo Hexacyanoferrate Analogues

ʻOku fakaʻaongaʻi lahi ʻa e hexacyanoferrates lanu pulu pe ukamea ko ha naunau ʻoku lele lelei ke fokotuʻutuʻu electrochemical ngaahi polokalama pea mo hono faʻu ʻo e kemikale, electrochromic fakaʻaliʻali, inks mo e coatings, puha ʻuhila (ʻelemeniti ko‐ puha ʻuhila), capacitors mo e supercapacitors, cation Koeʻuhi ko ʻene ʻekitiviti redox lelei mo electrochemical taʻeueʻia, ko e faʻunga ʻo e ukamea ko e (MOF) ʻa ia ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi lahi ki electrode liliu.
Makehe mei he ngaahi founga kehekehe, ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi ʻa e hexacyanoferrate lanu pulu mo hono analogues kopa hexacyanoferrate mo e seniti ʻe nima ko colour inks ʻo e colour lanu pulu, kulokula mo engeenga.
Ko ha faingamalie lahi ʻo e nanoparticles lanu pulu ʻa Plusia ko ʻenau malu. ʻOku biodegradable kakato ʻa e nanoparticles lanu puluu, biocompatible, mo fakangofua ʻe he ngaahi polokalama fakafaitoʻo.

Sonochemical Synthesis ʻo e Nanocubes lanu puluu

Ko e synthesis ʻo Lusia lanu puluu/hexacyanoferrite nanoparticles ko e tali ia ʻo heterogeneous kemikale viviku precipitation. Koeʻuhi ke lava ʻo maʻu nanoparticles ʻaki ha kihiʻi konga siʻi ʻo e tufakiʻanga naunau mo e monodispersity, ʻoku fie maʻu ha hala falalaʻanga precipitation. ʻOku ʻiloa ʻa ultrasonic precicipitation ʻi he synthesis falalaʻanga, lelei mo faingofua ʻo e nanoparticles mo e pigments hange ko e makinito, singiki molybdate, singiki phosphomolybdate, ngaahi tefitoʻi fale kehekehe nanoparticles mo e ala meʻa pehe.

Sonochemical setup with ultrasonic probe UIP2000hdT and ultrasonic reactor for chemical synthesis

Ko e ultrasonicator UIP2000hdT ko ha meʻangaue malohi sonochemical ia ki he synthesis mo e precipitation ʻo nanoparticles

Kole 'a e fakamatala




Fakatokanga'i ange 'etau Tu'utu'uni totonu fakatautaha.


Kemikale viviku Synthesis ngaahi halanga vaka maʻa e Nanoparticles lanu pulu ʻa Plusia

ʻOku lelei, facile, vave mo anga fakakaumeʻa ʻa e halanga sonochemical ʻo e nanoparticle lanu puluu. Ultrasonic precipitation ʻa e ngaahi nanocubes lanu pulu ʻa Plusia, ʻa ia ʻoku characterised ʻaki ʻa e teunga siʻisiʻi (approx. 5nm), tufakiʻanga naunau lausiʻi, mo e monodispersity.
ʻE lava ke synthesized ʻa e nanoparticles lanu puluu ʻi ha ngaahi halanga precipitation kehekehe pe ʻikai polymeric stabilisers.
ʻI he fakaʻehiʻehi ko ia mei hono fakaʻaongaʻi ʻo ha fakatuʻumaʻu polymer, ʻe lava ke meʻa--ʻa e nanocubes lanu puluu ultrasonically fefiofi FeCl3 mo E K3[Fei (FN)6] ʻi he ʻao ʻo H2'OIAUE2.
Naʻe tokoni hono fakaʻaongaʻi ʻo e sonochemistry ʻi he faʻahinga synthesis ko ʻeni ke maʻu ha fanga kiʻi nanoparticles iiki ange (i.e, 5 NM lahi kae ʻikai ko e lahi ʻo e ≈50 NM maʻu taʻe sonication). (Dacarro et Al. 2018)

Ngaahi meʻa ke ako mei ai ʻa ultrasonic Prussian lanu pulu Synthesis

Prussian blue nanoparticles (also known as iron hexacyanoferrate) can be efficiently synthesized via sonochemical route.Ko e angamaheni, ʻoku synthesized ʻa e Nanoparticles lanu pulu ʻa Plusia ʻaki hono fakaʻaongaʻi ultrasonication founga.
ʻI he founga ni, 0.05 M fakaleleiʻi ʻo e K4[Fei (FN)6] ʻOku tanaki atu ia ki he 100 ml ʻo hydrochloric founga fakaleleiʻi ʻo e ʻesiti (0.1 mol/L). Ko hono ola ko e K4[Fei (FN)6] ʻOku tauhi aqueous founga fakaleleiʻi ʻi he 40ºC ki he 5 h sonicating ʻa e founga fakaleleiʻi pea fakangofua ke mokomoko ʻi he mafana ʻo e loki. ʻOku siviʻi mo fufulu maʻu pe ʻa e koloa lanu puluu ʻaki ʻa e vai mo e ethanol tuʻuloa pea faifai ʻo momoa ʻi ha ʻovani vekiume ʻi he 25ºC ki he 12 h.

Naʻe synthesised ʻa e hexacyanoferrite analogue kopa hexacyanoferrite (CuHCF) ʻi he hala ko ʻeni:
Naʻe synthesized ʻa e Nanoparticles CuHCF ʻo hange ko e oma pasikala ko ʻeni:
Cu (ʻikai3)3 + K4[Fei (FN)6] — Cu4[Fei (FN)6] + KN03

CuHCF nanoparticles ʻoku synthesized ʻe he founga naʻe faʻu ʻe Bioni et Al., 2007 [1]. Ko hono tuifio ʻo e mL ʻe 10 ʻo e 20 mmol L-1 KILOMITA3[Fei (FN)6] + 0.1 mol L-1 Founga fakaleleiʻi ʻo e KFL mo e 10 mL ʻo e 20 mmol L-1 CuCl2 + 0.1 mol L-1 KFl, ʻi ha flask sonication. ʻOku irradiated leva ʻa e fefiofi ʻi ha miniti ʻe 60 fakaʻata, ʻo fakaʻaongaʻi ha fakauku fakahangatonu titanium Hoane (20 kHz, 10Wcm-1) ʻa ia naʻe unu ʻo aʻu ki ha senitimita ʻe 1 ki he founga fakalelei. Lolotonga e fefiofi, ʻoku fakatokangaʻi e fotunga ʻo ha tipositi lanu melomelo. ʻOku dialysed ʻa e fakamovetevetea ko ʻeni ʻi ha ʻaho ʻe 3 kae lava ke maʻu ha coloured momoʻi meʻa lelei mo lanu melomelo.
(FF. Jassal et Al. 2015)

Ultrasonically synthesized Prussian Blue (iron hexacyanoferrate) nanocubes.Wu et Al. (2006) synthesised prussian lanu pulu nanoparticles ʻi sonochemical hala mei he K4[Fei (FN)6], ʻa ia naʻe faʻu ai ʻa Fe2 + ʻe he decomposition ʻo [FeII (FN) 6] 4 − ʻe ultrasonic irradiation ʻi hydrochloric ʻesiti; Ko e Fei2 + Naʻe oxidized ki he Fei3 + ke tali ʻaki e toenga [FeII (FN)6] 4 − ions. Naʻe pehe ʻe he kulupu fekumi ko e lahi ʻo e teunga synthesized e nanocubes lanu pulu ʻa Plusia ʻoku fakatupu ia ʻe he ngaahi nunuʻa ultrasonication. ʻOku fakahaaʻi ʻe he ʻimisi ʻo e Fei-MAKAKOLOA ʻi he toʻohema sonochemically synthesized ukamea hexacyanoferrate nanocubes ʻe he kulupu fekumi ʻa Wu.

Meʻafua lahi synthesis: ke teuteuʻi ʻa e PB nanoparticles ʻi ha meʻafua lahi, PVP (250 g) mo K3[Fei (FN)6] (19.8 g) were added into 2,000 mL of HCl solution (1 M). The solution was sonicated until clear and then placed in an oven at 80°C to achieve an ageing reaction for 20–24 hours. The mixture was then centrifuged at 20,000 rpm for 2 hours for the collection of PB nanoparticles. (Safety note: In order to expel any HCN created, the reaction should be carried out in a fume hood).

TEM of Prussian Blue nanocubes

Micrograph ʻo e NANOCUBES lanu puluu mo e citrate
ako mo e fakatataa: Dacarro et Al. 2018

Ultrasonic Probes mo Sonochemical niʻihi ki he Synthesis lanu pulu ʻa Lusia

Ko Hielscher Ultrasonics ko ha ngaahi aʻusia taimi loloa ia ʻo e ngaue maʻolunga ultrasonic meʻangaue ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi fakaemamani lahi ʻi he laboratories mo e ngaohiʻanga koloa lalahi. Ko e sonochemical synthesis mo e precipitation ʻo nanoparticles mo pigments ko ha tohi kole faingataʻa ia ʻoku fie maʻu ki ai ha malohi lahi ultrasonic probes ʻa ia ʻoku ne fakatupu maʻu pe amplitudes. ʻOku fokotuʻutuʻu mo manufactured ʻa e ngaahi meʻangaue Hielscher ultrasonic kotoa pe ke fakalele ʻaki ha 24/7 ʻi he uta kakato. ʻOku lava ke maʻu ʻa e Ultrasonic processors mei he 50 Watts fale fakakemi ultrasonicators ki he 16, 000watts ngaahi polokalama ʻoku malohi ultrasonic. ʻOku ʻi ai ha ngaahi meʻatui kehekehe ʻoku ʻikai ke ʻi ai ha meʻatui, sonotrodes mo e ngaahi selo ʻoku nau fakaʻata ʻa e fokotuʻutuʻu fakafoʻituitui ʻo ha polokalama sonochemical ʻi he fetohiʻaki mo e ngaahi fakaʻilonga, hala mo e koloa fakaʻosi.
Hielscher Ultrasonics e ngaohiʻanga koloa maʻolunga ultrasonic probes ʻa ia te ne lava ʻo fokotuʻu pau ke ne ʻave kakato ʻa e tuʻunga ʻo e angavaivai ki he amplitudes maʻolunga. Kapau ʻoku fie maʻu ʻe hoʻo tohi kole sonochemical ha ngaahi fakahinohino pau (e.g., mafana ʻaupito), fakapatonu ultrasonic sonotrodes lava ʻo maʻu. ʻOku fakaʻata ʻe he robustness ʻo e meʻangaue ultrasonic ʻa Hielscher ʻa e ngaue ʻe 24/7 ʻi he fatongia mamafa pea mo e ngaahi ʻatakai ʻoku femoʻuekina.

Sonochemical batch mo e laine Synthesis

ʻE lava ke fakaʻaongaʻi ʻa e Hielscher ultrasonic probes ki he kulupu (batch) mo e laine hokohoko sonication. Te mau fokotuʻu atu ʻa e fokotuʻutuʻu lelei taha ultrasonic, ʻo fakatatau mo e vave ʻo e tali mo e tali.

Ultrasonic Probes mo Sono-niʻihi ki ha faʻahinga tohi pe

ʻOku ʻufiʻufi ʻe Hielscher Ultrasonics ʻa e tuʻunga kakato ʻo ultrasonic processors mei he loki fakatotolo fakakemi ultrasonicators ʻi he ngaahi founga ʻa e sea ki ʻolunga mo e pailate ki he ngaahi ultrasonic processors mo e malava ko ia ke ngaue fonu fonu loli ʻenau he houa. ʻOku fakaʻata kitautolu ʻe he koloa kakato ke tau ʻoatu ʻa e meʻangaue ultrasonic feʻunga taha ki hoʻo huhuʻa, founga ngaue mo e ngaahi taketi.

Ko hono mapuleʻi Amplitudes ki he ngaahi ola lelei

Hielscher's industrial processors of the hdT series can be comfortable and user-friendly operated via browser remote control.Ko e Hielscher kotoa pe ultrasonic processors ko e mapuleʻingofua moʻoni ia pea ʻoku ʻi ai ha fanga hoosi ngaue falalaʻanga. Ko e amplitude ko e taha ia ʻo e ngaahi fakangatangata mahuʻinga ʻoku ne takiekina ʻa e lavameʻa mo e ola lelei ʻo e sonochemically mo sonomechanically ngaahi toʻonga ʻoku ne fakaʻaiʻai. Hielscher ultrasonics kotoa pe’ processors fakaʻata ʻa e tuʻunga totonu ʻo e amplitude. Ko e Sonotrodes mo e meʻatui ʻoku ʻikai ke ʻi ai ha ngaahi naunau ia ʻoku ne fakaʻata ke liliu ʻa e amplitude ʻi ha ngaahi meʻa lahi ange. ʻE lava ʻe he ultrasonic processors ʻa Hielscher ʻo fakahaofi ha amplitudes maʻolunga ʻaupito pea ʻave ʻa e malohi ultrasonic ʻoku fie maʻu ki hono fakaʻaongaʻi. Amplitudes ʻo aʻu ki 200μm ʻe faingofua pe ke lele hokohoko ʻi he tafa 24/7.
ʻOku ʻoatu ʻe he ngaahi feituʻu amplitude totonu mo hono vakaiʻi maʻu pe ʻo e ultrasonic ʻo fakafou ʻi he polokalama smart Software ʻa e malava ko ia ke synthesise hoʻo nanocubes lanu pulu mo hexacyanoferrate analogues ʻi he ngaahi tuʻunga lelei taha ultrasonic. Tokolahi lelei sonication ki he lelei taha nanoparticle synthesis!
ʻOku fakaʻata ʻe he robustness ʻo e meʻangaue ultrasonic ʻa Hielscher ʻa e ngaue ʻe 24/7 ʻi he fatongia mamafa pea mo e ngaahi ʻatakai ʻoku femoʻuekina. ʻOku ngaohi heni ʻa e meʻangaue ultrasonic ʻa Hielscher ko ha meʻangaue falalaʻanga ʻoku ne fulfils hoʻo ngaahi fie maʻu ki he founga ngaue sonochemical.

ʻulungaanga maʻolunga taha – Faʻu mo Manufactured ʻi Siamane

ʻI he hoko ʻa Hielscher ko ha pisinisi ʻa e famili mo e fakalele fakafamili, ʻoku ne fakamuʻomuʻa ʻa e ngaahi tuʻunga moʻui lelei taha ki hono ultrasonic processors. ʻOku fokotuʻutuʻu ʻa e ultrasonicators kotoa pe, manufactured mo siviʻi fakaʻauliliki ʻi homau ʻuluʻi ʻofisi ʻi Teltow ofi ki Pealini ʻi Siamane. ʻOku hanga ʻe robustness mo e ala falalaʻanga ʻo e meʻangaue ultrasonic ʻa Hielscher ʻo ʻai ke hoko ia ko ha hoosi ngaue ʻi hoʻo faiva. 24/7 ngaue ʻi he uta kakato pea ʻi he ngaahi ʻatakai ʻoku femoʻuekina, ko ha ʻulungaanga fakanatula ia ʻo e ngaue maʻolunga ʻa Hielscher ultrasonic probes mo e niʻihi ʻoku nau kau mai.

'Oku 'omi 'e he e tepile 'i lalo ha faka'ilonga ia 'o e tu'unga 'o e ngaue ki he fakafuofua'i 'o e hotau ultrasonicators:

Kulupu (batch) 'o e tohi 'Oku tafe mai 'a e 'ea 'Oku fokotu'u atu 'a e ngaahi me'angaue
mL 'o e 1 ki he 500 10 ki he 200mL/miniti 'e UP100H
mL 'i he 10 ki he 2000 20 ki he 400mL/miniti 'e UP200Ht, UP400St
0.1 ki he 20L 0.2 ke 4L/miniti 'e UIP2000hdT
10 ki he 100L 2 ki he 10L/miniti 'e UIP4000hdT
n.a. 10 ki he 100L/miniti 'e UIP16000
n.a. lalahi fakataha'i 'o e UIP16000

Fetu'utaki mai kiate kimautolu! / Kole kiate kitautolu!

Kole ki ha fakamatala lahi ange

Kataki 'o ngaue 'aki e foomu 'i lalo ke kole ha toe fakamatala ki he ultrasonic processors, faka'aonga'i mo e totongi. Te mau fiefia ke alea'i e founga 'oku mo 'i ai mo ho'omou ngaahi fie ma'u ultrasonic he polokalama!









Kataki 'o fakatokanga'i ange 'etau Tu'utu'uni totonu fakatautaha.


Hielscher Ultrasonics pilisone ngaue ma'olunga ultrasonic homogenizers ki he fakamovetevetea, emulsification mo e hingoa to'oto'o.

Ko e malohi ma'olunga ultrasonic homogenizers mei Loki fakasaienisi ki he pailate mo e Lalahi me'afua.

Ngaahi tohi/fakamo'oni fakafolofola



Ngaahi mo'oni'i me'a 'oku mahu'inga ke 'ilo'i

Faka-Lūsia Lanu Puluú

ʻOku faitoʻi tonu ʻa Lusia lanu puluu ko e ukamea hexacyanoferrate (ukamea (II, III) hexacyanoferrate (II, III)), ka ʻoku toe ʻiloa foki ʻa colloquially IST ko Pealini lanu pulu, Ferric ferrocyanide, Ferric hexacyanoferrate, ukamea (III) ferrocyanide, ukamea (III) hexacyanoferrate (II), mo Parisian lanu pulu.
ʻOku fakamatalaʻi ʻa e lanu pulu ʻa Plusia ko ha pigment lanu pulu loloto ʻoku faʻu ʻi he taimi ʻoku hoko ai ʻa e oxidation ferrous ferrocyanide salts. ʻOku ʻi ai ferric hexacyanoferrate (II) ʻi ha fale lattice Crystal Dry. ʻOku insoluble ia ʻi he vai ka ʻoku toe fakahehema foki ke faʻu ha colloid ʻe lava ke maʻu ʻi he fotunga colloidal pe soluble vai, mo ha foomu insoluble. ʻOku fakahoko hangatonu ia ki he ngaahi taumuʻa kiliniki ke fakaʻaongaʻi ko ha faitoʻo ki ha faʻahinga kona ukamea mamafa, hange ko e thallium mo radioactive isotopes ʻo e caesium.
Ko e Analogues ʻo e ukamea hexacyanoferrate (Lusia lanu puluu) ko e kopa hexacyanoferrate, cobalt hexacyanoferrate, singiki hexacyanoferrate, mo e seniti ʻe nima hexacyanoferrate.

ʻElemeniti ko-Ion puha ʻuhila

Ko e puha ʻelemeniti ko ion (NIB) ko ha faʻahinga puha ʻuhila rechargeable. ʻI hono fakafehoanaki atu ki he puha lithium ion, ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi ʻe he ʻelemeniti ko ion maka ʻelemeniti ko ions (na +) kae ʻikai ko e lithium ko e kau fata. Ka ʻikai, ʻoku faitatau ʻaupito ʻa e taʻanga, tefitoʻi moʻoni mo e langa toʻotoʻo mo e ngaahi meʻa angamaheni ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi lithium-ion. Ko e tefitoʻi faikehekehe ʻi he ongo faʻahinga puha ʻuhila ko ia ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi ʻi li-ion capacitors lithium meʻa koʻeni, lolotonga ia ʻoku fakaʻaongaʻi ʻa e ngaahi puha ʻuhila ʻelemeniti ko. ʻOku ʻuhinga ʻeni, ʻoku ʻi he cathode ʻo ha puha ʻelemeniti ko ion ʻelemeniti ko pe ʻelemeniti ko composites mo ha anode (ʻikai ko ha naunau ʻelemeniti ko )) pea pehe ki ha electrolyte huhuʻa ʻoku ʻi ai ha ʻelemeniti ko salts ʻi he poʻuli protic pe aprotic solvents. Lolotonga hono fakafonu, ʻoku toʻo ʻa e na + mei he Cathode pea fakahu ki he anode lolotonga e fononga ʻa e electrons ʻi he ngaahi vahaʻa ʻo tuʻa; Lolotonga hono fakahoko, ʻoku hoko ʻa e founga fulihi ʻi he feituʻu ʻoku toʻo ai ʻa e anode pea toe fakahu ʻi he Cathode mo e electrons travelling ʻi he ngaahi vahaʻa ʻo e ngaahi ʻapitanga ʻi tuʻa ʻo fai ha ngaue ʻaonga. Ko hono moʻoni, ʻoku totonu ke lava ʻe he ngaahi naunau anode mo e Cathode ʻo matuʻuaki ʻa e ngaahi siakale ʻo e tukuʻanga koloa ʻelemeniti ko ʻo ʻikai maʻulalo kae lava ke fakapapauʻi ha siakale loloa ʻo e moʻui.
Ko sonochemical synthesis ko ha founga falalaʻanga mo lelei ia ke maʻu ai ha ukamea ʻelemeniti ko ukamea salts, ʻa ia ʻe lava ke fakaʻaongaʻi ki hono ngaohi ʻo e ʻelemeniti ko-ion capacitors. ʻOku fakahoko ʻa e synthesis ʻo e efu ʻelemeniti ko ʻo fakafou ʻi ultrasonic fakamovetevetea ʻo e ukamea ʻelemeniti ko ukamea ʻi ko lolo. Kapau ʻoku ke mahuʻingaʻia ʻi ultrasonically synthesising ʻelemeniti ko ukamea salts, kole mai ke mau maʻu ha fakamatala lahi ange ʻaki hano fakafonu e foomu fetuʻutaki, ʻave ha ʻimeili (ki he info@hielscher.com) pe ui kitautolu!

Faʻunga ʻo e faʻunga ukamea

Ko e ukamea – frameworks (MOFs) ko ha kalasi meʻa koʻeni ʻoku kau ai ʻa e ukamea ions pe ngaahi meʻa ʻoku fakafekauʻaki ki he ligands, ʻa ia te ne lava ʻo faʻu ha ngaahi fale ʻe taha, ua, pe tolu. Ko ha kalasi fakaikiki ia ʻo e polymers fakafekauʻaki. ʻOku faʻu ʻa e polymers fakafekauʻaki ʻe he ukamea, ʻa ia ʻoku fakafehokotaki ʻe he ligands (ʻa ia ʻoku ui ko e linker molecules) koeʻuhi ke fokotuʻu ʻa e ngaahi taumuʻa fakafekauʻaki. ʻOku kau ʻi heʻenau ngaahi tefitoʻi meʻa ʻa e crystallinity mo e faʻa porous.
Laukonga lahi ange fekauʻaki mo e ultrasonic synthesis ʻo e faʻunga ʻoku ʻi ai e ukamea (MOF)!