Tecnología ultrasonido Hielscher

Extracción tabaco ultrasónico

Extracción convencional tabaco ge 'nar proceso lento ne lento, da implica njapu'befi ya disolventes tóxicos da altas ya temperaturas, nä'ä mi thogi ne ar proceso da peligroso.

Extracción asistida ya ultrasonidos alcaloides ar tabaco ar tsa̲ da ejecutar ko ar dehe wa disolventes leves ja 'nar proceso rápido 'ra ya t'olo ora. Ya alcaloides extraídos ya ultrasonidos, komongu ar nicotina ar tabaco, ar liberan ja 'nar nt'ot'e rápido ne altamente nt'ot'e xi hño, da proporciona altos rendimientos 'nar extracto espectro completo (da contiene nicotina, nornicotine, ácido clorogénico (ácido 5 — caffeoylquinic), rutina, ácido cafeico ne escopoletina, solanesol, etc.).

Extracción Ultrasónica Tabaco

Extracción asistida ya ultrasonidos (EAU) ge 'nar nt'ot'e extracción rápido, xi hño ne mahyoni, da basa jar nt'ot'e ultrasonidos nts'edi. Ya ondas ultrasónicas hmä generan 'nar rápido micromovimiento ne cavitación acústica jar sistemas sólido-líquidos (nt'udi, hñei vegetal jar disolvente, ngu, hojas ya tabaco jar etanol), nä'ä resulta ja 'nar dätä transferencia masa, nja'bu ngu 'nar proceso ar extracción acelerado. Jar comparación ko ma 'ra técnicas avanzadas extracción Komo ar extracción fluidos supercríticos ne ar extracción iones-par, extracción asistida ya ultrasonidos ar significativamente mäs bojä, respetuosa ko ar nt'uni ambiente, mäs segura ne mäs hei ar zu̲di. Ir extracción ar ultrasónica ar técnica extracción preferida pa liberar compuestos bioactivos ya bädi.
Ar extracción ultrasónica xta komongu ar nt'uni 'nar extracto nthegi xi hño. espectro, da contiene nicotina, nä'ä ge ar alcaloide primario ar tabaco ko 94 — 98% ar contenido Nxoge alcaloides, nja'bu ngu ya alcaloides nornicotine, anabasine, anatabina, cotinina ne ar miosmina.

Ar extracción ar ultrasónica xí ampliamente utilizada pa ar producción extractos botánicos komongu ar CBD ya cannabis ne ya cáñamo. Ultrasonidos ar altamente nt'ot'e xi hño ne ya rápido.

Extracción Ultrasónica ar bädi komongu CBD Cannabis

SonoStation Hielscher Ultrasonics ge 'nar configuración ultrasónica hei ar zu̲di pa ar escala producción. ('Yot'e clic pa ntu̲ngi!)

Sonoestación – 'nar ko ya ultrasónico ko 2 x ultrasonicators 2KW, agitar ar tanque ne ar bomba – ge 'nar ko ya hei ar zu̲di pa ar extracción.

Nu'bu da 'yadi ungumfädi




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Extractos tabaco espectro completo ko sonicación

Alcaloides komongu ar nicotina ne nornicotine, ácido clorogénico, fenólico, solanesol ne ma'ra compuestos bioactivos xi da aislados rápidamente, eficientes ne seguros ir nge ya extracción ultrasónica. Extracción convencional tabaco implica njapu'befi ya disolventes tóxicos komongu ar heptano altas temperaturas, nä'ä bi pa̲ti proceso extracción ja 'nar nt'ot'e peligroso. Nga̲tho ar proceso extracción convencional tsi aprox. 24 h ne ir xí na lento.
Ar extracción ar ultrasónica ar tsa̲ da ga OT'UJE nu'u̲ extracción ar dehe fría wa utilizando disolventes suaves komongu etanol wa mezcla ya etanol ne ya dehe mpat'i ambiente wa temperaturas ligeramente elevadas. Ar sonicación tsi 'ra ya t'olo ora, nä'ä bi pa̲ti ár extracción ja 'nar nt'ot'e rápido. 'Nehe, njapu'befi ya dehe wa disolventes suaves ar proceso xí completamente pädi xi hño ne mahyoni.

Ya hojas ar tabaco ultrasónicamente desfavorecidas ar separan ja ya compuestos extraídos ar disolvente.

The ultrasonically produced full spectrum extracts contain the primary alkaloid nicotine as well as the secondary or minor alkaloids such as anabasine or 3-(2-piperidinyl)pyridine, anatabine or 3-(2-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridyl)pyridine, cotinine or 1-methyl-5-(3-pyridyl)-2-pyrrolidinone), 2,3’-dipyridyl or isonicoteine, N-formylnornicotine or 2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidinecarbaldehyde, myosmine or 3-(1-pyrrolin-2-yl)pyridine, nornicotine or 3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine, and beta-nicotyrine or 3-(1-methylpyrrol-2-yl)pyridine.

The content of these alkaloids varies depending on tobacco species and tobacco products. While nicotine is the primary alkaloid with 94–98% of the total alkaloid content, nornicotine and anatabine are the two most abundant secondary alkaloids, each accounting for approx. 2% to 6% of the total alkaloid content of tobacco.

Benefits of Ultrasonic Tobacco Extraction:

  • dätä rendimiento
  • mextha ar hño
  • extracción ngut'a
  • Proceso leve ne hi'nä térmico
  • Ar dehe wa ya disolvente
  • Simple & operación segura
Ultrasonic tobacco extraction with the ultrasonicator UP400St (400W) and the probe S24d20L2 for higher nicotine yields in shorter processing time. Ultrasonic tobacco extraction can be run with mild solvents and is thereby an green, environmental-friendly method.

Ultrasonic extractor UP400ST for the extraction of nicotine from tobacco leaves

Choose from a Broad Selection of Solvents

Using ultrasonic extraction, you can select from various solvents, including water, alcohol, ethanol, methanol, ethanol-water mixtures or strong solvents such as heptane or hexane. All of the former named solvents have been already successfully tested and shown to be effective for the isolation of bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolics and solanesol from tobacco plant materials. Sonication can be used in solvent-free cold-water extraction (e.g. to prepare organic extracts) or can be combined with a solvent of your choice.
Hmeya mäs dige ya disolventes pa extracción ultrasónica productos botánicos!

Hielscher ultrasonicator UP400St with sonotrode S24d22L2 for extraction of nicotine and harmala from tobacco leaves.

Procesador ultrasónico UP400St (400 vatios) for the extraction of alkaloids such as nicotine and harmala from tobacco leaves.

Extractores ultrasonido mar hñets'i rendimiento

Procesador ultrasónico UIP4000hdT (4kW) pa ar extracción pectinas ja 'nar proceso industrial jar 'ñu.Hielscher’s ultrasonic equipment is a commonly extraction tool for the isolation of bioactive compounds from botanicals. Supplying ultrasonic extractors for all process scales, Hielscher is able to recommend you the most suitable ultrasonic system for your needs. Starting with compact, yet powerful sistemas laboratorio for analysis and feasibility testing, Hielscher offers the full range from lab and pilot plant ultrasonicators up to ultrasonido totalmente industrial reactors. Offering the full band width of ultrasonic processors, Hielscher has the ideal setup for your extraction process. Depending on your process volume and goal, ultrasonic extraction can be performed in batch or continuous flow mode. Manifold accessories such as sonotrodes, booster horns, flow cells and reactors allow to equip the ultrasonic processor to fulfil the process targets ideally.
Hielscher’s ultrasonic processors can be precisely controlled and process data are automatically recorded on the integrated SD-card of our digital ultrasonic systems. The reliable control over the process parameters ensure a consistently high product quality. The automatic data recording of the process parameters allow for an easy process standardization and the fulfilment of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).
Ar robustez ar equipo ultrasónico Hielscher permite 'nar funcionamiento 24 yá 7 jar nkohi pesadas ne entornos exigentes. Operación hei ne segura, nja'bu Komo hñets'i'i nja o̲t'e ja ya sistemas ultrasónicos Hielscher ar fani 'be̲fi confiable ja yá producción.

Xtí tabla bí xta ar 'nar indicación ya mfeni ya procesamiento aproximado HMUNTS'UJE ultrasonicators:

Volumen lote Tasa flujo Dispositivos recomendados
0.5 1.5mL n.a. VialTweeter
1 jar 500mL 10 200 mL yá min UP100H
10 da 2000mL 20 400 mL yá min. UP200Ht, UP400St
0.1 da 20L 0.2 4 L yá min UIP2000hdT
10 da 100L 2 10 L yá min UIP4000
n.a. 10 100 L yá min UIP16000
n.a. mäs dätä Cluster ar UIP16000

Contactar ga nu'bya pa mäs ungumfädi! Ma jä'i xi hño capacitado da encantado ya da mä ár proceso ar extracción ko nu'i!

Ja ar contacto ko ngekihe! Yá preguntar ga!

Da 'yadi mäs ungumfädi

Jaki utilice ar Xtí formulario, nu'bu̲ gi da 'yadi ungumfädi adicional dige ar homogeneización ultrasónica. Estaremos encantados ar ofrecer bí 'nar ko ya ultrasónico ar satisfacer ya requerimientos.









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Hielscher Ultrasonidos fabrica ultrasonicadores mar hñets'i rendimiento pa aplicaciones sonoquímicas.

Procesadores ultrasónicos ar mextha nts'edi ndezu̲ ar laboratorio asta ar escala piloto ne industrial.

Ar ultrasonicador industrial UIP2000hdT ja 'nar stand hontho

UIP2000hdT, a 2kW powerful high-performance ultrasonicator



Hechos Bale ar penä ga pädi

Why is Ultrasonic Extraction so Effective?

Ultrasonically-assisted extraction (UAE) is based on coupling highly intense ultrasound waves (acoustic waves) into a liquid or slurry. The acoustic waves create alternating high pressure / low pressure cycles, which result in the phenomenon of acoustic cavitation. The phenomenon of ultrasonic or acoustic cavitation is characterized by extreme, locally confined conditions of very high pressures, temperatures and shear forces. In proximity of the imploding cavitation bubbles, temperatures of up to 5000K, pressures of 1000 atmosphere, heating-cooling rate above 1010 K/s and liquids jets with up to 280m/s velocity, which appear as very high shear force and turbulences in the cavitational zone, can be measured. The combination of these factors (pressure, heat, shear and turbulence) disrupt cells (lysis) and intensify mass transfer during the extraction process. Thereby, the liquid-solid extraction of phytoconstituents from plant cells is promoted. The ultrasonic extraction technique is widely applied for the successful and efficient extraction of flavonoids, polysaccharides, alkaloids, phytosterols, polyphenols, and pigments from plants.

Ya disruptores ultrasónicos ar utilizan da extracciones ya 'mui mbo fito (ya ejemplo, do̲ni, algas, hongos)

Extracción ultrasónica células vegetales: ar sección transversal microscópica (TS) gi 'ñudi ar nt'ot'e mbo acciones Nxoge ar extracción ultrasónica células (magnificación 2000 x) [hño: Vilkhu et jar el. 2011]

Tobacco

Various plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family are known as tobacco plants. Besides being the commonly used term for the plant, tobacco describes also the products prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. Whilst Nicotiana tabacum is the main crop use for tobacco and nicotine production, there are over 70 plant species of tobacco. N. tabacum is the dominant species used for tobacco products, however the more potent variant N. rustica can be found around the world and is used for.
Tobacco contains the stimulant alkaloid nicotine as well as harmala alkaloids. Dried and cured tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipes, shishas as well as e-cigarettes, e-cigars, e-pipes and vaporizers. Alternatively, they can be consumed as snuff, chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco and snus.

The tobacco plant family contains various (sub-)species, which exhibit different alkaloid and flavour profiles.
Oriental tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a species of tobacco grown mainly in Turkey, Greece, and neighboring areas, which is used for the commercial production of cigarettes, cigars and chewing tobacco. It has a strong characteristic flavor, is relatively low in nicotine and high in reducing sugars, acids, and volatile flavor oil, which gives the tobacco products an intense aroma.

There are 67 natural species of tobacco known. Below the most common species are listed:

  • Nicotiana acuminata (Graham) Hook. – manyflower tobacco
  • Nicotiana africana Merxm.
  • Nicotiana alata Link & Otto – winged tobacco, jasmine tobacco, tanbaku (Persian)
  • Nicotiana attenuata Torrey ex S. Watson – coyote tobacco
  • Nicotiana benthamiana Domin
  • Nicotiana clevelandii A. Gray
  • Nicotiana glauca Graham – tree tobacco, Brazilian tree tobacco, shrub tobacco, mustard tree
  • Nicotiana glutinosa L.
  • Nicotiana langsdorffii Weinm.
  • Nicotiana longiflora Cav.
  • Nicotiana occidentalis H.-M. Wheeler
  • Nicotiana obtusifolia M. Martens & Galeotti – desert tobacco, punche,tabaquillo
  • Nicotiana otophora Griseb.
  • Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv.
  • Nicotiana quadrivalvis Pursh
  • Nicotiana rustica L. – Aztec tobacco, mapacho
  • Nicotiana suaveolens Lehm. – Australian tobacco
  • Nicotiana sylvestris Speg. & Comes – South American tobacco, woodland tobacco
  • Nicotiana tabacum L. – commercial tobacco grown for the production of cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, etc.
  • Nicotiana tomentosiformis Goodsp.

The three species below are man-made hybrids:

  • Nicotiana × didepta N. debneyi × N. tabacum
  • Nicotiana × digluta N. glutinosa × N. tabacum
  • Nicotiana × sanderae Hort. ex Wats. N. alata × N. forgetiana

Types of Tobacco
The curing and subsequent aging process of tobacco leaves induces a slow oxidation and degradation of the present carotenoids in tobacco leaf. Due to the oxidation, certain compounds in the tobacco leaves are synthesized, which result in sweet hay, tea, rose oil, or fruity aromatic flavors, which contribute to thesmoothnessof the smoke. Starches are converted into sugars, which subsequently glycate proteins, and are oxidized into advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). This is a caramelization process that also gives the smoke its flavor.
The preparation and curing method of tobacco influences its final aroma characteristics. Curing can be achieved by air-, fire-, flue-, and sun-curing. For example, flue-cured tobacco (e.g. from France) contains only low levels of alkaloids, whilst air-cured Burley tobacco (e.g. sourced from Guatemala) is known for its high content of alkaloids.